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See also: οίστρος

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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁eys-, used to form words denoting passion; see also Latin ira (anger), Lithuanian aistra (violent passion), Avestan 𐬀𐬉𐬴𐬨𐬀 (aēṣ̌ma, anger).

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

οἶστρος (oîstrosm (genitive οἴστρου); second declension

  1. gadfly, breese
    1. an insect which infests tuna
    2. a small insectivorous bird, perhaps the willow warbler
  2. (figuratively) a sting, anything that drives mad
    1. (absolute) the smart of pain, agony
    2. any vehement desire, mad desire, insane passion
    3. madness, frenzy
      • Sopocles, Antigone 1002

InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit