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Ancient GreekEdit


πρέσβῠς (présbus, aged”, “elder) +‎ -τερος (-teros, suffix forming comparative degrees of adjectives). The Christian religious meanings are likely a semantic loan from an Aramaic word, perhaps cognate with Classical Syriac ܩܫܝܫܐ (qaššīšā).[1][2][3][4][5]


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /prez.bý.te.ros/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /prɛzˈby.tɛ.ros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /prezˈβy.te.ros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /prezˈvy.te.ros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /prezˈvi.te.ros/
  • AdjectiveEdit

    πρεσβῠ́τερος (presbúterosm (feminine πρεσβῠτέρᾱ, neuter πρεσβῠ́τερον); first/second declension

    1. older of two people
    2. advanced in life, senior



    πρεσβῠ́τερος (presbúterosm (genitive πρεσβῠτέρου); second declension

    1. a term of rank or office
      1. a member of the Jewish Sanhedrin
      2. in the New Testament, a group that presided over the assemblies or congregations: elder, presbyter




    1. ^ Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 275
    2. ^ Heever, Gerhard van den (2016), “Early Christian discourses and literature in North African Christianities in the context of Hellenistic Judaism and Graeco-Roman Culture”, in Bongmba, Elias Kiphon, editor, The Routledge Companion to Christianity in Africa, Milton Park: Taylor & Francis, →ISBN, page 67
    3. ^ Kloppenborg, John S. (2011), “Greco-Roman Thiasoi, the Ekklēsia at Corinth, and Conflict Management”, in Cameron, Ron; Miller, Merrill P., editors, Rediscribing Paul and the Corinthians, Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, →ISBN, pages 191–204
    4. ^ Rudolph, Wilhelm (1922) Die Abhängigkeit des Qorans von Judentum und Christentum (in German), Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, page 7
    5. ^ Tubach, Jürgen (2015), “Aramaic Loanwords in Gǝʿǝz”, in Butts, Aaron Michael, editor, Semitic Languages in Contact (Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics; 82), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 358–359

    Further readingEdit