σάκκος

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Most likely borrowed from Semitic, possibly from Phoenician. Compare Hebrew שַׂק‎, Imperial Aramaic 𐡔𐡒(šq), Talmudic Aramaic סַקָּא‎, Classical Syriac ܣܩܐ‎, Ge'ez ሠቅ (śäḳ), Akkadian 𒆭𒊓 (/šaqqu/), Egyptian sꜣgꜣ. The word is a widely-borrowed Mediterranean Kulturwort.

Černý and Forbes suggest the word was originally Egyptian, a nominal derivative of sꜣq (to gather or put together) that also yielded Coptic ⲥⲟⲕ (sok, sackcloth) and was borrowed into Greek perhaps by way of a Semitic intermediary. However, Vycichl and Hoch reject this idea, noting that such an originally Egyptian word would be expected to yield Hebrew *סַק rather than שַׂק‎. Instead, they posit that the Coptic and Greek words are both borrowed from Semitic, with the Coptic word perhaps developing via Egyptian sꜣgꜣ.

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

σᾰ́κκος (sákkosm (genitive σᾰ́κκου); second declension

  1. coarse cloth of hair, especially of goat's hair
  2. anything made of coarse cloth:
    1. sack, bag
      Synonym: σᾰ́κτᾱς (sáktās)
    2. sieve, strainer
    3. coarse garment, sackcloth, worn as mourning by the Jews
    4. (Christianity) sackcloth vestment, penitential garb
  3. coarse beard
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