cloth

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • cloath (obsolete)
  • clath, clathe, claith (Scotland)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English cloth, clath, from Old English clāþ (cloth, clothes, covering, sail), from Proto-Germanic *klaiþą (garment), from Proto-Indo-European *gleyt- (to cling to, cleave, stick). Cognate with Scots clath (cloth), North Frisian klaid (dress, garment), West Frisian kleed (cloth, article of clothing), Dutch kleed (robe, dress), Low German kleed (dress, garment), German Kleid (dress, garment), Danish klæde (cloth, dress), Swedish kläde (cloth), Icelandic klæði (cloth, dressing), Old English clīþan (to adhere, stick). Compare Albanian ngjit (to stick, attach, glue).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cloth (plural cloths or clothes)

  1. (uncountable) A woven fabric such as used in dressing, decorating, cleaning or other practical use.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 2, The Lisson Grove Mystery[1]:
      “H'm !” he said, “so, so—it is a tragedy in a prologue and three acts. I am going down this afternoon to see the curtain fall for the third time on what [...] will prove a good burlesque ; but it all began dramatically enough. It was last Saturday […] that two boys, playing in the little spinney just outside Wembley Park Station, came across three large parcels done up in American cloth. […]”
  2. A piece of cloth used for a particular purpose.
  3. A form of attire that represents a particular profession.
  4. (in idioms) Priesthood, clergy.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Last modified on 27 March 2014, at 04:40