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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


Since long connected with Latin fīcus and Old Armenian թուզ (tʿuz), and considered a borrowing from a Mediterranean or Anatolian substrate source, to which there are likewise to ascribe Hebrew שִׁקְמָה(šikmá), Aramaic שיקמא‎ /‎ ܫܩܡܐ(šikmā, šakmā). Martirosyan reconstructs a Mediterranean *tʰuōiḱo- or *tʰū(i)ḱo- (fig). For the sense of “vulva” Martirosyan compares dialectal Armenian թուզ (tʿuz, fig; vulva) and German Feige (fig; vulva).




σῦκον (sûkonn (genitive σῡ́κου); second declension

  1. fig, the fruit of the συκῆ (sukê)
  2. a large wart on the eyelids
    1. hemorrhoids
  3. vulva


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


  • Greek: σύκο (sýko)


  • σῦκον in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • σῦκον in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • σῦκον in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • G4810 in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • fig idem, page 318.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1421
  • Lewy, Heinrich (1895) Die semitischen Fremdwörter im Griechischen (in German), Berlin: R. Gaertner’s Verlagsbuchhandlung, page 23
  • Löw, Immanuel (1928) Die Flora der Juden[2] (in German), volume 1, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, pages 274–280
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “t‘uz”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 295
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2013), “The place of Armenian in the Indo-European language family: the relationship with Greek and Indo-Iranian”, in Journal of Language Relationship[3], issue 10, § 6.4.4., page 117