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EnglishEdit

 
A fig (the fruit).
 
A fig (the fruit) in cross-section.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /fɪɡ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪɡ

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English fige, fygge (also fyke, from Old English fīc, see fike), borrowed from Anglo-Norman figue, borrowed from Old French figue, from Old Occitan figa, from Vulgar Latin *fīca (fig), from Latin fīcus (fig tree), from a pre-Indo European language, perhaps Phoenician 𐤐𐤂(pagh, literally ripe fig) (compare Biblical Hebrew פַּגָּה(paggâ, early fallen fig), Classical Syriac ܦܓܐ(paggāʾ), dialectal Arabic فَجّ(fajj), فِجّ(fijj))[1]. (Another Semitic root (compare Akkadian 𒈠 (tīʾu, literally fig)) was borrowed into Ancient Greek as σῦκον (sûkon) (whence English sycophant; Boeotian τῦκον (tûkon)) and Armenian as թուզ (tʿuz).) The soap-making sense derives from the resemblance of the granulations in and texture of the soap to those of a fig.

NounEdit

fig (plural figs)

  1. A fruit-bearing tree or shrub of the genus Ficus that is native mainly to the tropics.
    • 1611, King James Version, Genesis 3:7:
      And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.
  2. The fruit of the fig tree, pear-shaped and containing many small seeds.
  3. A small piece of tobacco.
  4. The value of a fig, practically nothing; a fico; a whit.
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 2, Act II, sc. 3:
      I'll pledge you all; and a fig for Peter!
    • 1848, William Makepeace Thackeray, Vanity Fair, Chapter 6:
      About Rebecca and Jos he did not care a fig.
    • 2004, David Mitchell, Cloud Atlas
      J. senses the entente between Eva and me and doesn't like it one fig.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (obsolete) To insult with a fico, or contemptuous motion.
    • Shakespeare
      When Pistol lies, do this, and fig me like / The bragging Spaniard.
  2. (obsolete) To put into the head of, as something useless or contemptible.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of L'Estrange to this entry?)
  3. (soap-making, dated) To develop, or cause (a soap) to develop, white streaks or granulations. [mid-1800s to mid-1900s]
    • 1893, Henry Gathmann, American Soaps, page 204:
      For filling figged soaps silicate of potash is best adapted, as soda prevents in a measure the proper crystallization. [...] Artificially figged soap [...makes] a very close imitation of the naturally figged soap.
    • 1897, The National Provisioner, page 27:
      Figging is usually considered to indicate a good quality of soft soap, but such is really not the case. A first-class soft soap can be made which will not fig, while, on the other hand, a poor soap can be produced which will fig.
    • 1938, Harry Bennett, The Standard Book of Formulas:
      In the cold soaps, the water soluble color is added in liquid form after saponification has started. In figged soaps, the color is crutched in after saponification is completed.

Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Variation of fike.

VerbEdit

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (intransitive) To move suddenly or quickly; rove about.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

fig (plural figs)

  1. Abbreviation of figure. (diagram or illustration)
  2. (colloquial, dated) A person's figure; dress or appearance.
Alternative formsEdit
  • (abbreviation): fig.

VerbEdit

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (colloquial, dated, transitive) To dress; to get oneself up a certain way.

Related termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

See figging.

VerbEdit

fig (third-person singular simple present figs, present participle figging, simple past and past participle figged)

  1. (rare) To insert a ginger root into the anus, vagina or urethra of: to perform figging upon.
    • 1874, The Slang Dictionary: Etymological, Historical, and Anecdotal, page 176:
      Ginger, a showy, fast horse — as if he had been figged with ginger under his tail; a red-haired man.
    • 1901, Natal Agriculture Journal, page 744:
      He must be "figged." Figging consists in pushing a piece of crushed ginger into the return of the wretched creature — a practice which is now illegal, and of which information should be given to the R.S.P.C.A. whenever detected.
    • 2015, Becky Lower, The Cotillion Ball Saga, Simon and Schuster (→ISBN):
      “Is something amiss with the horse, Parr?” His gaze left the horse for a second as he glanced at Grace. “Yes, the horse has been figged. Now I just need to figure out who the culprit is.”

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Andreas Franz and Wilhelm Schimper, Plant Geography Upon a Physiological Basis, volume 2 (Berlin: Gebrüder Borntraeger, 1902), page 100

AnagramsEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fig

  1. genitive plural of figa

NounEdit

fig

  1. genitive plural of figi

VolapükEdit

NounEdit

fig (nominative plural figs)

  1. fig

DeclensionEdit