χθών

See also: Χθών

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *kʰtʰṓn, full transference to n-stem (cf. εἷς (heîs), χῐών (khiṓn)), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰōm, with the Proto-Indo-European cluster *dʰǵʰ- metathesizing into Proto-Greek *kʰtʰ-, since Greek stop clusters must always end in a dental. Cognates include Sanskrit क्ष (kṣa) and Latin humus.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (file)

NounEdit

χθών (khthṓnf (genitive χθονός); third declension

  1. ground, soil, surface of the earth
  2. earth, world
  3. land, country

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • χθών in Liddell & Scott, A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1940
  • χθών in Liddell & Scott, An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1889
  • χθών in Autenrieth, Georg, A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers, 1891
  • χθών in Bailly, Anatole, Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette, 1935
  • χθών in Cunliffe, Richard J., A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1924, published 1963
  • χθών in Slater, William J., Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1969
  • Woodhouse, S. C., English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, 1910.