See also: Humus and húmus

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Pronunciation edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Noun edit

humus (usually uncountable, plural humuses)

  1. A large group of natural organic compounds, found in the soil, formed from the chemical and biological decomposition of plant and animal residues and from the synthetic activity of microorganisms.
Hypernyms edit
Meronyms edit
Translations edit

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Turkish humus or Arabic حُمُّص (ḥummuṣ).

Noun edit

humus (uncountable)

  1. Alternative spelling of hummus (chickpea dip)

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin humus (earth, soil).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

humus m (plural humusos)

  1. humus

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɦumus]
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mus

Noun edit

humus m inan

  1. humus

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • humus in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • humus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɦy.mʏs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mus

Noun edit

humus m (uncountable)

  1. humus (soil organic matter)
  2. (by extension) compost

Derived terms edit

Finnish edit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin humus

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhumus/, [ˈhumus̠]
  • Rhymes: -umus
  • Syllabification(key): hu‧mus

Noun edit

humus

  1. humus

Declension edit

Inflection of humus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative humus humukset
genitive humuksen humusten
humuksien
partitive humusta humuksia
illative humukseen humuksiin
singular plural
nominative humus humukset
accusative nom. humus humukset
gen. humuksen
genitive humuksen humusten
humuksien
partitive humusta humuksia
inessive humuksessa humuksissa
elative humuksesta humuksista
illative humukseen humuksiin
adessive humuksella humuksilla
ablative humukselta humuksilta
allative humukselle humuksille
essive humuksena humuksina
translative humukseksi humuksiksi
abessive humuksetta humuksitta
instructive humuksin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of humus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative humukseni humukseni
accusative nom. humukseni humukseni
gen. humukseni
genitive humukseni humusteni
humuksieni
partitive humustani humuksiani
inessive humuksessani humuksissani
elative humuksestani humuksistani
illative humukseeni humuksiini
adessive humuksellani humuksillani
ablative humukseltani humuksiltani
allative humukselleni humuksilleni
essive humuksenani humuksinani
translative humuksekseni humuksikseni
abessive humuksettani humuksittani
instructive
comitative humuksineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative humuksesi humuksesi
accusative nom. humuksesi humuksesi
gen. humuksesi
genitive humuksesi humustesi
humuksiesi
partitive humustasi humuksiasi
inessive humuksessasi humuksissasi
elative humuksestasi humuksistasi
illative humukseesi humuksiisi
adessive humuksellasi humuksillasi
ablative humukseltasi humuksiltasi
allative humuksellesi humuksillesi
essive humuksenasi humuksinasi
translative humukseksesi humuksiksesi
abessive humuksettasi humuksittasi
instructive
comitative humuksinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative humuksemme humuksemme
accusative nom. humuksemme humuksemme
gen. humuksemme
genitive humuksemme humustemme
humuksiemme
partitive humustamme humuksiamme
inessive humuksessamme humuksissamme
elative humuksestamme humuksistamme
illative humukseemme humuksiimme
adessive humuksellamme humuksillamme
ablative humukseltamme humuksiltamme
allative humuksellemme humuksillemme
essive humuksenamme humuksinamme
translative humukseksemme humuksiksemme
abessive humuksettamme humuksittamme
instructive
comitative humuksinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative humuksenne humuksenne
accusative nom. humuksenne humuksenne
gen. humuksenne
genitive humuksenne humustenne
humuksienne
partitive humustanne humuksianne
inessive humuksessanne humuksissanne
elative humuksestanne humuksistanne
illative humukseenne humuksiinne
adessive humuksellanne humuksillanne
ablative humukseltanne humuksiltanne
allative humuksellenne humuksillenne
essive humuksenanne humuksinanne
translative humukseksenne humuksiksenne
abessive humuksettanne humuksittanne
instructive
comitative humuksinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative humuksensa humuksensa
accusative nom. humuksensa humuksensa
gen. humuksensa
genitive humuksensa humustensa
humuksiensa
partitive humustaan
humustansa
humuksiaan
humuksiansa
inessive humuksessaan
humuksessansa
humuksissaan
humuksissansa
elative humuksestaan
humuksestansa
humuksistaan
humuksistansa
illative humukseensa humuksiinsa
adessive humuksellaan
humuksellansa
humuksillaan
humuksillansa
ablative humukseltaan
humukseltansa
humuksiltaan
humuksiltansa
allative humukselleen
humuksellensa
humuksilleen
humuksillensa
essive humuksenaan
humuksenansa
humuksinaan
humuksinansa
translative humuksekseen
humukseksensa
humuksikseen
humuksiksensa
abessive humuksettaan
humuksettansa
humuksittaan
humuksittansa
instructive
comitative humuksineen
humuksinensa

Derived terms edit

compounds

Further reading edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

humus m (uncountable)

  1. humus

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin humus.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈu.mus/
  • Rhymes: -umus
  • Hyphenation: hù‧mus

Noun edit

humus m (invariable)

  1. humus

Further reading edit

  • humus in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *homos, from earlier *xomos, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰomós, from *dʰéǵʰōm (earth), from earlier **dʰéǵʰoms through internal reconstruction. Cognates include Sanskrit क्ष (kṣa), Ancient Greek χθών (khthṓn), and Old Church Slavonic землꙗ (zemlja). Related to homō (human being, man).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

humus f (genitive humī); second declension

  1. ground, floor
  2. earth, soil
    Synonyms: terra, solum, tellūs
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 4.559–560:
      [Triptolemus] prīmus arābit et seret et culta praemia tollet humō
      [Triptolemus] will be the first to plow and sow and take away the rewards from cultivated soil.
      (See Triptolemus, Demophon of Eleusis, and Celeus for the ancient Greek myths about a royal family who are presented as humble country folk in the Fasti.)

Declension edit

Second-declension noun, with locative.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative humus humī
Genitive humī humōrum
Dative humō humīs
Accusative humum humōs
Ablative humō
humū
humīs
Vocative hume humī
Locative humī

humus is one of a handful of common nouns that take the locative case (humī); other such nouns include domus and rūs. Also, irregular ablative singular humū once used by Varro.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • humus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • humus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • humus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “humus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 292

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
humus sense 1
humus sense 1

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Arabic حمص.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

humus m inan

  1. hummus (Levantine Arab dip made of chickpea paste with various additions, such as olive oil, fresh garlic, lemon juice, and tahini, often eaten with pitta bread, or as a meze)
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Learned borrowing from Latin humus.

Noun edit

humus m inan (related adjective humusowy)

  1. (literary) humus (large group of natural organic compounds, found in the soil, formed from the chemical and biological decomposition of plant and animal residues and from the synthetic activity of microorganisms)
    Synonym: próchnica
Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • humus in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • humus in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • humus in PWN's encyclopedia

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French humus, from Latin humus.

Noun edit

humus n (uncountable)

  1. humus (in the soil)

Declension edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin humus.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /xǔːmus/
  • Hyphenation: hu‧mus

Noun edit

húmus m (Cyrillic spelling ху́мус)

  1. humus

Declension edit

Spanish edit

Noun edit

humus m (plural humus)

  1. hummus
  2. humus

Further reading edit

Turkish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From French humus.

Noun edit

humus (definite accusative humusu, plural humuslar)

  1. humus
Declension edit
Inflection
Nominative humus
Definite accusative humusu
Singular Plural
Nominative humus humuslar
Definite accusative humusu humusları
Dative humusa humuslara
Locative humusta humuslarda
Ablative humustan humuslardan
Genitive humusun humusların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular humusum humuslarım
2nd singular humusun humusların
3rd singular humusu humusları
1st plural humusumuz humuslarımız
2nd plural humusunuz humuslarınız
3rd plural humusları humusları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular humusumu humuslarımı
2nd singular humusunu humuslarını
3rd singular humusunu humuslarını
1st plural humusumuzu humuslarımızı
2nd plural humusunuzu humuslarınızı
3rd plural humuslarını humuslarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular humusuma humuslarıma
2nd singular humusuna humuslarına
3rd singular humusuna humuslarına
1st plural humusumuza humuslarımıza
2nd plural humusunuza humuslarınıza
3rd plural humuslarına humuslarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular humusumda humuslarımda
2nd singular humusunda humuslarında
3rd singular humusunda humuslarında
1st plural humusumuzda humuslarımızda
2nd plural humusunuzda humuslarınızda
3rd plural humuslarında humuslarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular humusumdan humuslarımdan
2nd singular humusundan humuslarından
3rd singular humusundan humuslarından
1st plural humusumuzdan humuslarımızdan
2nd plural humusunuzdan humuslarınızdan
3rd plural humuslarından humuslarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular humusumun humuslarımın
2nd singular humusunun humuslarının
3rd singular humusunun humuslarının
1st plural humusumuzun humuslarımızın
2nd plural humusunuzun humuslarınızın
3rd plural humuslarının humuslarının

Etymology 2 edit

From Arabic حُمُّص (ḥummuṣ).

Noun edit

humus (definite accusative humusu, plural humuslar)

  1. hummus

References edit

  • humus”, in Turkish dictionaries, Türk Dil Kurumu