гайка

BelarusianEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

га́йка (hájkaf inan (genitive га́йкі, nominative plural га́йкі, genitive plural га́ек)

  1. nut

DeclensionEdit


BulgarianEdit

 
Гайка навита о болт

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian га́йка (gájka), from Proto-Slavic *gajьka. Further origin is uncertain:

See Russian га́йка (gájka) for further discussion and cognates.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

га́йка (gájkaf (related adjective га́ечен, diminutive га́йчица)

  1. nut (fastener)
    Synonym: нави́тък (navítǎk) (dialectal, dated)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • гайка in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • гайка in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Per Trubachev and Anikin (although Vasmer expressed skepticism) from Proto-Slavic *gajьka (something that connects; something that prohibits), derived from Proto-Slavic *gajiti (to protect).

Attested since 17th century.

Cognates include Serbo-Croatian gȃjka (movable ring; nut), dialectal Czech hajka (straw landmark on a pole as a sign prohibiting road use), Ukrainian га́їти (hájity, to slow down; to linger), Czech hájiti (to protect, care), Slovak hájit’ (to protect, stand up for).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡajkə]
  • (file)

NounEdit

га́йка (gájkaf inan (genitive га́йки, nominative plural га́йки, genitive plural га́ек)

  1. nut (that fits on a bolt)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: գայկա (gayka)
  • Azerbaijani: qayka
  • Belarusian: га́йка (hájka)
  • Bulgarian: га́йка (gájka)
  • Turkmen: gaýka
  • Ukrainian: га́йка (hájka)

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer, Max, “гайка”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language]‎[1] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress, 1964–1973