Etymology 1 Edit
From Middle English delaien, borrowed from Anglo-Norman delaier, Old French deslaier, from des- + Old French laier (“to leave”), a conflation of Old Frankish *lattjan ("to delay, hinder"; from Proto-Germanic *latjaną (“to delay, hinder, stall”), from Proto-Indo-European *leh₁d- (“to leave, leave behind”)), and Old Frankish *laibijan ("to leave"; from Proto-Germanic *laibijaną (“to leave, cause to stay”), from Proto-Indo-European *leyp- (“to remain, continue”)). Doublet of dally.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dɪˈleɪ/
- (General American) IPA(key): /dəˈleɪ/, /dɪ-/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -eɪ
- Hyphenation: de‧lay
- A period of time before an event occurs; the act of delaying; procrastination; lingering inactivity.
- the delay before the echo of a sound
- 1848, Thomas Babington Macaulay, The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volume 1, London: A. and W. Galignani & Co., published 1849, page 522:
- The government ought to be settled without the delay of a day.
- 2019 October, Ian Walmsley, “Cleaning up”, in Modern Railways, page 42:
- In this article I'm thinking about the big delays, over two hours. While rare, they make the news and help to deter people from future rail travel, both travellers and news viewers.
- (music) An audio effects unit that introduces a controlled delay.
- 2014, Dave Hunter, Guitar Amps and Effects For Dummies, page 259:
- The 8-bit sound quality of many early delays did indeed leave a lot to be desired (compare this to the 16-bit digital technology of CDs)
- (programming, Clojure) Synonym of
- (chess) An amount of time provided on each move before one's clock starts to tick; a less common time control than increment.
Derived terms Edit
- → Portuguese: delay
- (transitive, intransitive) To put off until a later time; to defer.
- To retard; to stop, detain, or hinder, for a time.
- The mail is delayed by a heavy fall of snow.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter X, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
- Mr. Cooke had had a sloop yacht built at Far Harbor, the completion of which had been delayed, and which was but just delivered. […] The Maria had a cabin, which was finished in hard wood and yellow plush, and accommodations for keeping things cold.
- (transitive, obsolete) To allay; to temper.
Usage notes Edit
- (put off until a later time): adjourn, defer, forslow, penelopize, postpone, put off, put on ice, suspend; See also Thesaurus:procrastinate
- (retard): belate, forslow, get in the way, hold up, impede; See also Thesaurus:hinder
- (allay): calm, moderate, quell; See also Thesaurus:pacify
Derived terms Edit
Etymology 2 Edit
Further reading Edit
- “delay”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “delay”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
- A Maranao Dictionary, by Howard P. McKaughan and Batua A. Macaraya
delay m (plural delays)