дрѣво

Old Church SlavonicEdit

 
дрѣво

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *dervo, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru. Most likely originally an o-stem.

NounEdit

дрѣво (drěvon

  1. tree
  2. wood (substance)
  3. stake, stick
  4. (paganism) object of worship
    • from Liturgical Service of Saint Naum, 3rd Verse in the 4th Tone:
      и паче панонъ нераꙁꙋмѣишаѧ, каменїамъ и древїамъ вѣрꙋюще
      i pače panonŭ nerazuměišaę, kameniamŭ i dreviamŭ věrujušte
      and the most ignorant Pannonians, who believed in the rocks and trees
    • from Vita Constantini, 1201110-1201210:
      то и въі· иже сѧ клан҄ѣете дрѣвоу· хоудѣи вещи· еже естъ готово на огн҄ь· како имате избъіти вѣчьнааго огн҄ѣ·
      to i vŭi· iže sę klanʹěete drěvu· xuděi vešti· eže estŭ gotovo na ognʹĭ· kako imate izbŭiti věčĭnaago ognʹě·
      How then shall you who worship a tree, a worthless thing intended for burning, escape the eternal fire?
  5. (Christianity) cross (instrument of crucifixion)
    • from the Homily against the Bogumils, 335-337:
      би къто царева сꙑна оубилъ дрѣвомь можетъ ли дрѣво то любо бꙑти цѣсарю? такожде и крьстъ богоу.
      bi kŭto careva syna ubilŭ drěvomĭ možetŭ li drěvo to ljubo byti cěsarju? takožde i krĭstŭ bogu.
      If anyone killed the king's son with a cross of wood, would the wood be dear to the king? The same is true of the cross for God.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Cejtlin, R.M.; Večerka, R.; Blagova, E., editors (1994) , “дрѣво”, in Staroslavjanskij slovarʹ (po rukopisjam X—XI vekov) [Old Church Slavonic Dictionary (Based on 10–11th Century Manuscripts)], Moscow: Russkij jazyk
  • Hauptova Z., editor (1958–1997) , “дрѣво”, in Slovník jazyka staroslověnského (Lexicon linguae palaeoslovenicae), Prague: Euroslavica
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26)‎[1], Helsinki: University of Helsinki