This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *dérwa, from Proto-Indo-European *derw-o-m, from *dóru (wood).


*dȇrvo n[1][2][3]

  1. tree (as plant)
  2. wood, twig, trunk (as material)
    Synonyms: *xvojь, *xujь

Alternative formsEdit


While s-stem endings are well-attested in Old Church Slavonic, Derksen and Halla-aho both reconstruct *dervo as an o-stem.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “дерево”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1977) , “*dervo”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 04, Moscow: Nauka, page 211
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1971) , “дряво”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 439
  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26)‎[1], Helsinki: University of Helsinki


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*dȇrvo”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 99: “n. o (c) ‘tree, wood’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “dervo dervese / derva”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (SA 139, 150, 157, 188, 199; PR 138; RPT 85)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) , “drevo”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “Pslovan. *dȇrvo”