мочь

RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [mot͡ɕ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ot͡ɕ

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *moťi, from Proto-Indo-European *megʰ-, whence English might. Cognate to Ancient Greek μῆχος (mêkhos, means, remedy) and Proto-Germanic *maganą (to be able, may).

VerbEdit

мочь (močʹimpf (perfective смочь)

  1. (intransitive) can, be able to
  2. may
    мо́жет бытьmóžet bytʹmaybe
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

imperfective

perfective

Etymology 2Edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *moťь, from Proto-Indo-European *mógʰtis, *megʰ- (to allow, be able, help). Cognate to Proto-Germanic *mahtiz and its descendants like English might.

Doublet of мощь (moščʹ), a borrowing from Old Church Slavonic.

NounEdit

мочь (močʹf inan (genitive мо́чи, nominative plural мо́чи, genitive plural мо́чей)

  1. power, might
    • 1979, Yuri Entin (lyrics and music), “Человек я простой”, performed by Mikhail Boyarsky:
      И теперь дня прожить без тебя мне не в мочь,
      Это-ж надо, влюбился в царскую дочь!
      I teperʹ dnja prožitʹ bez tebja mne ne v močʹ,
      Eto-ž nado, vljubilsja v carskuju dočʹ!
      And now to live one day without you I cannot
      I just had to fall in love with a king's daughter!
      (literally, “And now to live one day without you isn't in the power for me.
      It just had to [happen], [I] fell in love with a king's daughter!
      ”)
    Synonyms: си́ла (síla), мощь (moščʹ)
DeclensionEdit
Related termsEdit