Eastern Mari edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /uˈdɑ/
  • Rhymes:
  • Hyphenation: у‧да

Adjective edit

уда (uda) (comparative ударак, superlative эн уда)

  1. bad, poor
    уда кумыл
    uda kumyl
    bad mood, rotten mood

References edit

  • J. Bradley et al. (2023) “уда”, in The Mari Web Project: Mari-English Dictionary, University of Vienna

Russian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old East Slavic уда (uda), from Proto-Slavic *ǫda, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *and-, *end-. Cognate with Ukrainian ву́дка (vúdka), Belarusian вуда́ (vudá), Church Slavonic ѫда (ǫda), ѫдица (ǫdica), Bulgarian въ́дица (vǎ́dica), Serbo-Croatian у̏дица, Slovene ȯ́dica (tonal orthography), Czech udice, Polish węda, wędka, Upper Sorbian wuda, Lower Sorbian huda.

Normally derived from Proto-Indo-European *h₂en- (on) + *dʰeh₁- (to place). Compare Latvian uodne (bar on which the sleigh body stands), eñdas (part of a peasant's sleigh), Lithuanian iñdas (vessel), Slovene nȃda (extension) (tonal orthography). Sometimes also compared with Sanskrit अन्दु f (andu, foot chain).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

уда́ (udáf inan (genitive уды́, nominative plural у́ды, genitive plural уд, diminutive у́дочка)

  1. (dated or regional) fishing rod
    Synonym: (normal register, formally a diminutive) у́дочка (údočka)
Declension edit
References edit
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “уда”, in , Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

у́да (údam inan

  1. genitive singular of уд (ud)