Old Ruthenian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

PIE word
*dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s

Inherited from Old East Slavic ѧзꙑкъ (ęzykŭ), from Proto-Slavic *(j)ęzỳkъ, from *(j)ęzy, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *inźūˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s.[1][2] Cognate with Russian язы́к (jazýk).

Noun edit

ѧзыкъ (jazykm inan or m anim (related adjective ѧзы́чный, diminutive ѧзычо́къ)

  1. (anatomy) tongue
  2. language (system of communication using words or symbols)
    Synonym: мо́ва (móva)
  3. (military) prisoner for interrogation, canary, informer
  4. people, nation, folk, tribe
  5. pagan, heathen
  6. (law term) will, testament
  7. (grammar) gender, class

Descendants edit

  • Belarusian: язы́к (jazýk)
  • Carpathian Rusyn: язы́к (jazŷ́k)
  • Ukrainian: язи́к (jazýk)

References edit

  1. ^ Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1979), “*ęzykъ”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 6 (*e – *golva), Moscow: Nauka, page 74
  2. ^ Melnychuk, O. S., editor (2012), “язик”, in Етимологічний словник української мови [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume 6 (У – Я), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, →ISBN, page 538

Further reading edit

  • Hrynchyshyn, D. H., editor (1978), “*языкъ (*язикъ; *ѧзыкъ)”, in Словник староукраїнської мови XIV–XV ст. [Dictionary of the Old Ukrainian Language of the 14ᵗʰ–15ᵗʰ cc.] (in Ukrainian), volume 2 (Н – Ѳ), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, page 579
  • Bulyka, A. M., editor (2017), “языкъ, езыкъ, язикъ I”, in Гістарычны слоўнік беларускай мовы [Historical Dictionary of the Belarusian Language] (in Belarusian), issue 37 (чорное – ящыкъ), Minsk: Belaruskaia navuka, →ISBN, page 300
  • Tymchenko, E. K. (2003), “языкъ”, in Nimchuk, V. V., editor, Матеріали до словника писемної та книжної української мови XV–XVIII ст. [Materials for the Dictionary of the Written and Book Ukrainian Language of 15ᵗʰ–18ᵗʰ cc.] (in Ukrainian), volume 2 (О – Я), Kyiv, New York: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the U.S., →ISBN, page 510