Open main menu
See also: Pagan, págán, and păgân

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Recorded in English since about 1375. From Latin pāgānus (rural, rustic), later "civilian". The meaning "not (Judeo-)Christian" arose in Vulgar Latin, probably from the 4th century.[1] It is unclear whether this usage is derived primarily from the "rustic" or from the "civilian" meaning, which in Roman army jargon meant 'clumsy'. As a self-designation of neopagans attested since 1990.

In Old Persian in pre-Zoroastrian Iran, the word "bagh [بغ]" (pl. "baghan") meaning "god", "creator" or "the greater" was used to refer to the gods especially Mithra. The practice of worshipping "baghan" is "baghani" religion [بغانی]. The word has entered Old Slavic Languages ["Бог" in Russian means "god"] and Latin through the practice of Mithraism, a mystery religion worshipping Mithras (Mitra) known as an early rival of Christianity.

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: pā'gən, IPA(key): /ˈpeɪɡən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪɡən

AdjectiveEdit

pagan (not comparable)

  1. Relating to, characteristic of or adhering to non-Abrahamist religions (i.e. not Christianity, Judaism, or Islam), especially earlier polytheism.
    Many converted societies transformed their pagan deities into saints.
  2. (by extension, derogatory) Savage, immoral, uncivilized, wild.

Usage notesEdit

  • When referring to modern paganism, the term is now often capitalized, like other terms referring to religions.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

NounEdit

pagan (plural pagans)

  1. A person not adhering to an Abrahamist religion; a follower of a pantheistic or nature-worshipping religion.
    This community has a surprising number of pagans.
  2. (by extension, derogatory) An uncivilized or unsocialized person.
  3. (by extension, derogatory) An unruly, badly educated child.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Augustine, Divers. Quaest. 83.

AnagramsEdit


AsturianEdit

CebuanoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: pa‧gan

VerbEdit

pagan

  1. to embroil; to draw into a situation; to cause to be involved
  2. to implicate; to connect or involve in an unfavorable or criminal way with something
  3. to fall victim to a friendly fire
  4. (military) to fall victim as collateral damage
  5. to be hit by a stray bullet
  6. to get caught in a crossfire
  7. (games, of marbles) to hit the adjacent marble with the target marble

QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:pagan.


EstonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Latin paganus, through either Old East Slavic поганъ (poganŭ) or directly from Latin, through the German crusaders. Cognate to Finnish pakana.

NounEdit

pagan (genitive pagana, partitive paganat)

  1. pagan, heathen
  2. a devil, an evil spirit

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

InterjectionEdit

pagan

  1. damn, darn, heck

GalicianEdit

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

pagan

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) present indicative form of pagar.
  2. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present indicative form of pagar.

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

From pag (paganism) +‎ -an.

NounEdit

pagan (plural pagans)

  1. (Volapük Nulik) pagan, gentile

DeclensionEdit