բարակ

ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Armenian բարակ (barak).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

բարակ (barak) (superlative ամենաբարակ)

  1. thin
    բարակ թելbarak tʿelthin needle
  2. narrow
    բարակ ճանապարհbarak čanaparhnarrow road
  3. fine, delicate
DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բարակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 418a

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Old Armenian բարակ (barak).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

բարակ (barak)

  1. a kind of hunting dog
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • բարակ”, in Žamanakakicʿ hayocʿ lezvi bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory Dictionary of Contemporary Armenian] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, 1969–1980

Old ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Iranian *bārak, a by-form of Middle Persian bʾlyk (bārīg/k, thin, fine subtle). Compare Persian باریک(bârîk, thin, slender, minute), Pashto بارَگ(bāraġ, thin, delicate, fine).

For the sense development in բարակ ցաւ (barak cʿaw, phthisis) compare Turkish ince ağrı (tuberculosis, literally thin pain).

AdjectiveEdit

բարակ (barak)

  1. thin, slender, delicate, subtile
    բարակ ցաւ, ջերմbarak cʿaw, ǰermphthisis
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Armenian: բարակ (barak)

ReferencesEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բարակ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “բարակ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բարակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 418a

Etymology 2Edit

Ałayan derives from Middle Persian bʾlk' (bārak, *fast-moving; steed). Accepted by J̌ahukyan.

For the sense development “dog” → “fornicator” compare շուն (šun, dog; adulterer).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

բարակ (barak)

  1. hunting dog
  2. (figuratively) fornicator; lascivious, wanton, dissolute
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բարակ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “բարակ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բարակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 418b
  • Ałayan, Ēduard (1974) Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, pages 36–41
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “բարակ²”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 120a

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

բարակ (barak)

  1. Alternative form of բորակ (borak)
DeclensionEdit