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AramaicEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

על (transliteration needed)

  1. on, upon
  2. over
  3. about, concerning

HebrewEdit

EtymologyEdit

Root
ע־ל־ה

Cognate to Arabic عَلَى(ʿalā), Ge'ez ላዕለ (laʿlä).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

עַל (al)

  1. (literally) On, on top of.
  2. (figuratively) On.
  3. (with enclitic pronoun) must
    • c. 3rd century, "Aleynu leshabei'ach":
      עָלֵינוּ לְשַׁבֵּחַ לַאֲדוֹן הַכֹּל
      Aleinu l'shabeach la'adon hakol
      We must praise the master of all
      (literally, “It is upon us to praise the master of all”)

Usage notesEdit

  • Various verbs are construed with the preposition על; for example, ויתר על (vitér al) means “to give up on”.

InflectionEdit

PrefixEdit

עַל (ál)

  1. Super-: above; more than; larger than.
    מִשְׁפָּחָה(mishpakhá, family)עַל־מִשְׁפָּחָה(ál-mishpakhá, superfamily)
    יַבֶּשֶׁת(yabéshet, continent)יַבֶּשֶׁת־עַל(yabéshet-ál, supercontinent)
    טִבְעִי(tiv'í, natural)עַל־טִבְעִי(ál-tiv'í, supernatural)

Usage notesEdit

  • Typically used to form calques from English and other languages.
  • Sometimes attached to the following word via a hyphen; otherwise, separated by a space.
  • In some compounds, follows the base word as a suffix rather than preceding it as a prefix.

AntonymsEdit

  • (super-): תת־(tát-, sub-)

SuffixEdit

עַל (ál)

  1. Alternative form of the prefix; see above.