EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English on, from Old English on, an (on, upon, onto, in, into), from Proto-Germanic *ana (on, at), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂en-. Cognate with North Frisian a (on, in), Saterland Frisian an (on, at), West Frisian oan (on, at), Dutch aan (on, at, to), Low German an (on, at), German an (to, at, on), Swedish å (on, at, in), Faroese á (on, onto, in, at), Icelandic á (on, in), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌰 (ana), Ancient Greek ἀνά (aná, up, upon), Albanian (in); and from Old Norse upp á: Danish , Swedish , Norwegian , see upon.

AdjectiveEdit

on (not comparable)

  1. In the state of being active, functioning or operating.
    Antonym: off
    All the lights are on, so they must be home.
  2. Performing according to schedule; taking place.
    Are we still on for tonight?
    Is the show still on?
    We had to ration our food because there was a war on.
    That TV programme that you wanted to watch is on now.
  3. Fitted; covering; being worn.
    Your feet will soon warm up once your socks are on.
    I was trying to drink out of the bottle while the top was still on!
  4. (postpositive) Of a stated part of something, oriented towards the viewer or other specified direction.
    The photograph shows the UFO side on.
    edge on, side on, end on, face on
  5. (chiefly Britain, informal, usually negative) Acceptable, appropriate.
    You can't do that; it's just not on.
    • 1998 May 22, "Phoenix Gamma", If I was owned Nintendo..., alt.games.video.nintendo-64:
      This kind of over-packaging of goods is completely not on.
    • 2003 August 12, "DAB sounds worse than FM", Gerg Dyke's Speech at Radio Festival, alt.radio.digital:
      so Simon Nelson saying on Feedback "we'd prefer it if everybody listened to digital radio via DAB" is completely not on at all.
  6. (informal) Destined, normally in the context of a challenge being accepted; involved, doomed.
    "Five bucks says the Cavs win tonight." ―"You're on!"
    Mike just threw coffee onto Paul's lap. It's on now.
  7. (baseball, informal) Having reached a base as a runner and being positioned there, awaiting further action from a subsequent batter.
    • 2019 February 24, Chris Kennedy, “Aggies Earn Series Win Over Yale in Sunday Finale”, in New Mexico State University Athletics[1]:
      With one out and no men on, Tristen Carranza belted a ball to the opposite field for a solo home run to put the NM State deficit at just 2-1.
    • 2019 April 6, Daniel Martinez-Krams, “Baseball Falls Short in Game 2 of UCLA Series”, in The Stanford Daily[2]:
      Although Stanford was outhit 15-6, the Cardinal stranded eight runners to UCLA's three, hitting just 3-15 with runners on compared to the Bruin's 9-22.
  8. (cricket) Within the half of the field on the same side as the batsman's legs; the left side for a right-handed batsman.
    Synonym: leg; Antonym: off
    The captain moved two fielders to the on side.
    Ponsonby-Smythe hit a thumping on drive.
  9. (euphemistic) Menstruating.
    • 2011, Netmums, Hollie Smith, You and Your Tween: Managing the years from 9 to 13, Hachette, →ISBN:
      It still gets in the way of her doing things like swimming, and she avoids sleepovers when she's 'on'.
SynonymsEdit
  • (baseball: positioned at a base): on base (not informal)
TranslationsEdit

See on/translations § Adjective.

AdverbEdit

on (not comparable)

For idiomatic meanings of phrasal verbs, such as carry on, hang on, have on, try on, etc., please see the individual entries.

  1. To an operating state.
    turn the television on
  2. So as to cover or be fitted.
    The lid wasn't screwed on properly.
    Put on your hat and gloves.
  3. Along, forwards (continuing an action).
    drive on, rock on
    • 2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, in BBC Sport[3]:
      He met Luis Suarez's cross at the far post, only for Chelsea keeper Petr Cech to show brilliant reflexes to deflect his header on to the bar. Carroll turned away to lead Liverpool's insistent protests that the ball had crossed the line but referee Phil Dowd and assistant referee Andrew Garratt waved play on, with even a succession of replays proving inconclusive.
  4. In continuation, at length.
    and so on
    He rambled on and on.
  5. (obsolete in the US) Later.
    Ten years on, nothing had changed in the village.
  6. Of betting odds, denoting a better-than-even chance. See also odds-on.
    Antonym: against
    That horse is twenty-to-one on, so you need to stake twenty pounds just to win one pound.
AntonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See on/translations § Adverb.

PrepositionEdit

 
A green pepper on (positioned on the upper surface of) a box

on

  1. Positioned at the upper surface of, touching from above.
    A vase of flowers stood on the table.
    Please lie down on the couch.
    The parrot was sitting on Jim's shoulder.
  2. Positioned at or resting against the outer surface of; attached to.
    He had a scar on the side of his face.
    There is a dirty smudge on this window.
    The painting hangs on the wall.
    The fruit ripened on the trees.
  3. Expressing figurative placement or attachment.
    All of the responsibility is on him.
    I put a bet on the winning horse.
  4. Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with.
    to play on a violin or piano
  5. At or in (a certain region or location).
    The lighthouse that you can see is on the mainland.
    The suspect is thought to still be on the campus.
  6. Near; adjacent to; alongside.
    Soon we'll pass a statue on the left.
    The fleet is on the American coast.
  7. Supported by (the specified part of itself).
    A table can't stand on two legs.
    After resting on his elbows, he stood on his toes, then walked on his heels.
  8. So as to impart force to.
    tug on the rope; push hard on the door
  9. So as to impact; against.
    I stubbed my toe on an old tree stump.
  10. Covering.
    He wore old shoes on his feet.
  11. (with certain modes of transport, especially public transport) Inside (a vehicle) for the purpose of travelling.
    on a bus, on a train, on a plane
  12. At the date of.
    Born on the 4th of July.
  13. Some time during the day of.
    On Sunday I'm busy. I'll see you on Monday.
    Can I see you on a different day?
  14. At a given time after the start of something; at.
    Smith scored again on twelve minutes, doubling Mudchester Rovers' lead.
    • 2011 September 24, Aled Williams, “Chelsea 4-1 Swansea”, in BBC Sport:
      The Spain striker had given Chelsea the lead on 29 minutes but was shown a straight red card 10 minutes later for a rash challenge on Mark Gower.
  15. Dealing with the subject of; about; concerning.
    I was reading a book on history.
    The city hosted the World Summit on the Information Society
    I have no opinion on this subject.
  16. (informal) In the possession of.
    I haven't got any money on me.
  17. Because of, or due to.
    to arrest someone on suspicion of bribery
    to contact someone on a hunch
  18. Upon; at the time of (and often because of).
    On Jack's entry, William got up to leave.
    On the addition of ammonia, a chemical reaction begins.
  19. Paid for by.
    The drinks are on me tonight, boys.
    The meal is on the house.
    I paid for the airfare and meals for my family, but the hotel room was on the company.
  20. Indicating a means or medium.
    I saw it on television.
    Can't you see I'm on the phone?
    My favorite shows are on BBC America.
    The Beatles' appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show is on YouTube.
    The film was released on DVD.
  21. Indicating the target of, or thing affected by, an event or action.
    They planned an attack on London.
    The soldiers mutinied and turned their guns on their officers.
    Her words made a lasting impression on my mind.
    What will be the effect on morale?
  22. Toward; for; indicating the object of an emotion.
    Have pity or compassion on him.
  23. Indicating a means of subsistence.
    They lived on ten dollars a week.
    The dog survived three weeks on rainwater.
  24. Away or occupied with (e.g. a scheduled activity).
    He's on his lunch break.
    on vacation;  on holiday
    I'm on nights all this week.
  25. Regularly taking (a drug).
    You've been on these antidepressants far too long.
    He's acting so strangely, I think he must be on something.
  26. Under the influence of (a drug).
    He's acting crazy because he's on crack right now.
  27. (mathematics) Having identical domain and codomain.
    a function on
  28. (mathematics) Having   as domain and V as codomain, for some set V and integer n.
    an operator on
  29. (mathematics) Generated by.
    the free group on four letters
  30. In addition to; besides; indicating multiplication or succession in a series.
    heaps on heaps of food
    mischief on mischief; loss on loss
  31. (obsolete, regional) of
  32. Indicating dependence or reliance.
    I depended on them for assistance.
    He will promise on certain conditions.
  33. (obsolete) At the peril of, or for the safety of.
  34. Serving as a member of.
    He is on the jury; I am on the committee.
  35. By virtue of; with the pledge of.
    He affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honour.
  36. To the account or detriment of; denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon.
    On us be all the blame.
    A curse on him!
    Please don't tell on her and get her in trouble.
    He turned on her and has been her enemy ever since.
    He went all honest on me, making me listen to his confession.
  37. (especially when numbers of combatants or competitors are specified) Against; in opposition to.
    The fight was three on one, and he never stood a chance.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See on/translations § Preposition.

VerbEdit

on (third-person singular simple present ons, present participle oning or onning, simple past and past participle oned or onned)

  1. (transitive, Singapore, Philippines) to switch on
    Can you on the light?
    Synonym: turn on

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse ón, án (without), from Proto-Germanic *ēnu, *ēno, *ino (without), from Proto-Indo-European *anew, *enew (without). Cognate with North Frisian on (without), Middle Dutch an, on (without), Middle Low German āne (without), German ohne (without), Gothic 𐌹𐌽𐌿 (inu, without, except), Ancient Greek ἄνευ (áneu, without).

Alternative formsEdit

PrepositionEdit

on

  1. (Britain dialectal, Scotland) Without.
Usage notesEdit
  • Usually followed by a present participle, as being, having, etc.

Etymology 3Edit

From Japanese 音読み (on'yomi, literally sound reading).

NounEdit

on

  1. In the Japanese language, a pronunciation, or reading, of a kanji character that was originally based on the character's pronunciation in Chinese, contrasted with kun.
    Most kanji have two kinds of reading, called "on" and "kun".
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • on at OneLook Dictionary Search

AnagramsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic он
Roman on
Perso-Arabic
Azerbaijani cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : on
    Ordinal : onuncu

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten).[1] Cognate with Old Turkic [Term?] (/on/, ten).

NumeralEdit

on

  1. ten

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003) , “*ōn”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

BasqueEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Basque *boń.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

on (comparative hobe, superlative onen or hoberen, excessive onegi)

  1. good
  2. useful, convenient

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • on” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • on” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

CatalanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan [Term?] (compare Occitan ont), from Latin unde (compare French dont).

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

on

  1. where

Further readingEdit


Central FranconianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • un (widely in free variation)
  • en (some western dialects)

EtymologyEdit

The native form in most dialects was Old High German indi, whence the variant en. In parts of the Eifel, this indi regularly becomes on (compare Luxembourgish an). In southern and eastern dialects, on the other hand, on may have been inherited from the Old High German variant unde (unti). From these two groups of dialects, the form will have spread, without doubt under influence of German und.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

on

  1. and
    Salz on Päfer
    salt and pepper

Classical NahuatlEdit

PronounEdit

on, ōn

  1. (demonstrative) that; those

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Michel Launey; Christopher Mackay (2011) An Introduction to Classical Nahuatl, Amazon Kindle: Cambridge University Press, pages Loc 1408

CornishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *ognos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂egʷnós (lamb).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [ɔːn]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [oːn]

NounEdit

on m (plural en)

  1. lamb

Crimean TatarEdit

NumeralEdit

on

  1. ten

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Czech on, from Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

on m

  1. he (third person personal singular)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

AdverbEdit

on

  1. rarely used as shorthand for oneven (odd), the prefix on- means not (corresponds to English un-)


EstonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

on

  1. third-person singular present indicative of olema
  2. third-person plural present indicative of olema

FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈon/, [ˈo̞n]
  • Rhymes: -on
  • Syllabification: on

VerbEdit

on

  1. third-person singular indicative present of olla
    Se on tuolla.
    It is there.
    Se on ollut tuolla.
    It has been there.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French hom, om (nominative form), from Latin homō (human being) (compare homme from the Old French oblique form home, from the Latin accusative form hominem). Its pronominal use is of Germanic origin. Compare Old English man (one, they, people), reduced form of Old English mann (person); Catalan hom; German man (one, they, people); Dutch men (one, they, people).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

on ?

  1. (indefinite) one, people, you, someone (an unspecified individual)
    Synonyms: quelqu'un (in some contexts), l'on (formal)
    • 2003, Natasha St. Pier, L’instant d’après (album), Quand on cherche l’amour (song)
      Quand on cherche l'amour...
      When one searches for love...
    On ne peut pas pêcher iciYou can’t fish here
  2. (personal, informal) we
    Synonym: nous (in some contexts)
    On s’est amusés.We had fun.

Usage notesEdit

  • In informal French, on has almost completely replaced the pronoun nous (we) to indicate the first person plural.
  • The variant l'on is used in more formal or literary contexts.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Esperanto: oni
    • Ido: onu
  • Interlingue: on

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


German Low GermanEdit

ConjunctionEdit

on

  1. (in several dialects, including Low Prussian) Alternative form of un (and)
    Melk on Brot
    milk and bread

IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

on

  1. Apocopic form of onu; one, someone, they (indefinite personal pronoun)

See alsoEdit


IngrianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

on

  1. third-person singular indicative present active of olla
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 55:
      Heil on suksat liukkaat.
      They have slippery skis.

ReferencesEdit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[4], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 122
  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[5], page 11

InterlinguaEdit

PronounEdit

on

  1. one (indefinite personal pronoun)

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

on

  1. Rōmaji transcription of おん

KarelianEdit

VerbEdit

on

  1. (there) is

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English on, from Proto-Germanic *ana (on, at).

PrepositionEdit

on

  1. on, in

AdverbEdit

on

  1. on

Alternative formsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NumeralEdit

on

  1. Alternative form of oon

PronounEdit

on

  1. Alternative form of oon

AdverbEdit

on

  1. Alternative form of oon

DeterminerEdit

on

  1. (Early Middle English) Alternative form of a (indefinite article)

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

on

  1. (Early Middle English) first/third-person singular present of unnen

Etymology 4Edit

NounEdit

on (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of wone (course)

Etymology 5Edit

NounEdit

on (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of oven

Northern SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈoːn/

AdverbEdit

ōn

  1. again

Further readingEdit

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[6], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

OccitanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdverbEdit

on

  1. (Gascony) where

ReferencesEdit

  • Patric Guilhemjoan, "Diccionari elementari occitan-francés francés-occitan (gascon)", 2005, Orthez, per noste, 2005, →ISBN, page 99.

Old CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

on (third person)

  1. he

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ana

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

on (West Saxon)

  1. on, in, at, among [+dative or instrumental]

AdverbEdit

on (West Saxon)

  1. (with verbs of taking or depriving) from

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

See hom, om.

PronounEdit

on

  1. one (gender-neutral third-person singular pronoun)

DescendantsEdit

  • French: on

Old FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *an (on), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂en- (up). Cognates include Old English on, Old Saxon ana and Old Dutch ana.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

on

  1. on

DescendantsEdit

  • North Frisian: a
  • Saterland Frisian: an, oun
  • West Frisian: oan

ReferencesEdit

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Old IrishEdit

PronounEdit

on

  1. Alternative spelling of ón

ArticleEdit

on

  1. Alternative spelling of ón

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

on (plural: masculine personal oni, all others one)

  1. he (for animate nouns), it (for inanimate nouns)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

PronounEdit

on m

  1. (dated) this (demonstrative)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • on in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Surmiran) onn
  • (Puter) an

EtymologyEdit

From Latin annus.

NounEdit

on m (plural ons)

  1. (Sutsilvan, Vallader) year

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ȏn (Cyrillic spelling о̑н)

  1. he

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-; inflected forms from Proto-Slavic *jь, from Proto-Indo-European *éy.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

on

  1. he (third-person personal masculine singular pronoun)

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • on in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ȍn

  1. he

InflectionEdit

Forms between parentheses indicate clitic forms; the main forms are used for emphasis.

See alsoEdit


Southeastern TepehuanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uto-Aztecan *ona.

NounEdit

on

  1. salt

ReferencesEdit

  • R. de Willett, Elizabeth, et al. (2016) Diccionario tepehuano de Santa María Ocotán, Durango (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 48)‎[7] (in Spanish), electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 140

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

on

  1. indefinite plural of o

AnagramsEdit


TurkishEdit

Turkish cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : on
    Ordinal : onuncu
    Distributive : onar
Turkish Wikipedia article on on

EtymologyEdit

From Old Turkic 𐰆𐰣(un¹ /on/, ten), from Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten).

NumeralEdit

on

  1. ten

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative on
Definite accusative onu
Singular Plural
Nominative on onlar
Definite accusative onu onları
Dative ona onlara
Locative onda onlarda
Ablative ondan onlardan
Genitive onun onların

TurkmenEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Turkic 𐰆𐰣(un¹ /on/, ten), from Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten).

NumeralEdit

on

  1. ten

VenetianEdit

ArticleEdit

on m sg

  1. a, an

Usage notesEdit

  • Variant of un

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French on.

PronounEdit

on

  1. it
  2. (obsolete, indefinite personal pronoun) one

DeclensionEdit


WalloonEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NumeralEdit

on

  1. one