See also: حام‎, جام, and خام

Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Wholly regular from Arabic شَمْع(šamʿ, wax; candle; torch). The sound shift ش(ş) to چ(ç) has been of some frequency, also found in for example چلتیك(çeltik, rice), چمشیر(çimşir, box). The match with Chinese  (MC ʃˠɛm, “fire; pine”) is probably a coincidence.

NounEdit

چام (çam)

  1. fir
  2. pine

DescendantsEdit

  • Turkish: çam
  • Albanian: çam
  • Aromanian: ciam
  • Bulgarian: чам (čam)
  • Macedonian: чам (čam)
  • Romanian: ceam
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Cyrillic: ча̏м
    Latin: čȁm

ReferencesEdit

  • Поленаковиќ, Харалампие (2007) , “436. ČAM”, in Зузана Тополињска, Петар Атанасов, editors, Турските елементи во ароманскиот, put into Macedonian from the author’s Serbo-Croatian Turski elementi u aromunskom dijalektu (1939, unpublished) by Веселинка Лаброска, Скопје: Македонска академија на науките и уметностите, →ISBN, page 106