ريحان

See also: ریحان

ArabicEdit

 
رَيْحَانOcimum basilicum
 
رَيْحَان - Myrtus communis
 
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EtymologyEdit

رِيح(rīḥ, scent, odor) +‎ ـَان(-ān). Judging by the form and early meaning, Löw and Nöldeke opt for a borrowing from Aramaic ריחא‎ / ܪܝܚܐ(rēḥā), which is widely used in the plural, ריחני‎ / ܪ̈ܝܚ̈ܢܐ(rēḥānē) in the construct state, for various aromatics.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

رَيْحَان (rayḥānm (collective, singulative رَيْحَانَة‎ f (rayḥāna), plural رَيَاحِين(rayāḥīn))

  1. (obsolete) fragrant plant, aromatic herb
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 55:10-12:
      وَٱلْأَرْضَ وَضَعَهَا لِلْأَنَامِ / فِيهَا فَاكِهَةٌ وَٱلنَّخْلُ ذَاتُ ٱلْأَكْمَامِ / وَٱلْحَبُّ ذُو ٱلْعَصْفِ وَٱلرَّيْحَانُ‎‎
      wal-ʾarḍa waḍaʿahā lilʾanāmi / fīhā fākihatun wan-naḵlu ḏātu l-ʾakmāmi / wal-ḥabbu ḏū l-ʿaṣfi war-rayḥānu
      And the earth has He spread out for all living beings, with fruit thereon, and palm trees with sheathed clusters [of dates], and grain growing tall on its stalks, and sweet-smelling plants.
  2. basil (Ocimum gen. et spp.)
    Synonym: حَبَق(ḥabaq)
  3. (al-Andalus, Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Cyprus) myrtle (Myrtus gen. et spp.)
    • c. 1200, يحيى بن محمد بن أحمد بن العوام‎ [Yaḥyā ibn muḥammad ibn ʾaḥmad ibn al-ʿawwām], José Antonio Banqueri, editor, كتاب الفلاحة [Book on Agriculture], volume 2, Madrid: Imprenta Real, published 1802IA, Cap. 29, Art. 15, pages 383–384:
      والكتم قال أبو الخير هو ثلاثة أنواع منها ما له ورق عريض مثل ورق الآس الذي ينبت في الشعرى وهو يعلو كثيرا ويأخذ من التدويح وورقه مشرفة مثل تشريف المنشار ومنه نوع آخر له ورق دون الأول في العرض وتعظم شجرته أيضا وله حب في قدر حب الفلفل والريحان ويعتصر منه دهن يستصبح به ونوع آخر له ورق طويل دقيق مثل ورق المسان وقيل إن مما جرب فصح إنه إن سقى من عصارة ورقه ثمانية دراهم لمن عضه الكلب فإنه يبرئ في ذلك اليوم ويخلص بإذن الله تعالى وأن فزع من الماء فإنه يبرئ والكتم هو شبيه للحناء ويجفف ورقه ويدق نعما ويخلط بالحناء وخضب به الشعر.‎‎
      About the mock privet says Abū al-Ḵayr that there are three kinds of it: The first has wide leaves similar to the leaves of the myrtle which grows in the maquis and it becomes very high and swollen and its leaves are humped like a saw, the second has leaves of lesser width but its tree is also poddy and its seeds are of the size of the seeds of peppers and myrtles and from them one can press oil for lighting, and another kind has long delicate leaves like sandpaper and it is said if someone is affected by scabies then he will regain health, that if he whom a dog has bitten drinks eight dirhem from the extract of its leaves he will becomes free from the ailment the same day and cleansed of it if God is gracious; so that he will fear water but he will be free of the pest. Mock privet is similar to henna and one dries its leaves and crushes them well and mixes with henna and dyes the hair with it.
    Synonyms: آس(ʾās), مَرْسِين(marsīn), هَدَس(hadas), قُمَام(qumām)
DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ascherson, Paul (1881) , “Die aus dem mittlern Nordafrika, dem Gebiete der Rohlfs’schen Expedition nach Kufra bekannt gewordenen Pflanzen”, in Kufra. Reise von Tripolis nach der Oase Kufra, ausgeführt im Auftrage der afrikanischen Gesellschaft in Deutschland, Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus, page 477
  • Corriente, Federico; Pereira, Christophe; Vicente, Angeles, editors (2017) Dictionnaire du faisceau dialectal arabe andalou. Perspectives phraséologiques et étymologiques (in French), Berlin: De Gruyter, →ISBN, pages 565–566
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “ريحان”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 567a
  • Löw, Immanuel (1924) Die Flora der Juden[2] (in German), volume 2, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, page 80
  • Freytag, Georg (1833) , “ريحان”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 207
  • Jacob, Georg (1892) Studien in arabischen Geographen[3] (in German), volume 4, Berlin: Meyer & Müller, page 163–164}}

Hijazi ArabicEdit

 
ريحان

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic رَيْحَان(rayḥān).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /reːħaːn/, /riːħaːn/

NounEdit

ريحان (rēḥān or rīḥānm (plural رَياحين‎ (rayāḥīn))

  1. basil

See alsoEdit

  • حَبَق(ḥabag, Ocimum (taxonomic plant genus))

Moroccan ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic رَيْحَان(rayḥān)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /riːħaːn/
  • (file)

NounEdit

ريحان (rīḥānm

  1. myrtle