See also: Herb and herb.

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

From Middle English herbe, erbe, from Old French erbe (French herbe), from Latin herba. Initial h was restored to the spelling in the 15th century on the basis on Latin, but it remained mute until the 19th century and still is for many speakers.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK, General Australian, New Zealand) enPR: hû(r)b, IPA(key): /hɜːb/
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  • (US, Canada) enPR: (h)ûrb, IPA(key): /(h)ɝb/
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  • North American pronunciation of the word varies; some speakers include the /h/ sound and others omit it, with the /h/-less pronunciation being the more common. Individual speakers are usually consistent in their choice, but the choice does not appear to be correlated with any regional, socioeconomic, or educational distinctions.
  • Outside of North America, the /h/-less pronunciation is restricted to speakers who have a general tendency to "drop the h" in all words.
  • The /h/-less pronunciation is the older; the pronunciation with /h/ is a later spelling pronunciation.
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)b
  • Homophone: Herb (for the pronunciation /hɜː(ɹ)b/)

Noun edit

herb (countable and uncountable, plural herbs)

  1. (countable) Any green, leafy plant, or parts thereof, used to flavour or season food.
  2. (countable) A plant whose roots, leaves or seeds, etc. are used in medicine.
    If any medicinal herbs used by witches were supposedly evil, then how come people from at least the past benefited from the healing properties of such herbs?
    • 1973, Joe C. Huang, “The Formative Years - The Village”, in Heroes and Villains in Communist China: The Contemporary Chinese Novel as a Reflection of Life[1], New York: Pica Press, →ISBN, →LCCN, →OCLC, page 33:
      For twenty-five years he has done all sorts of odd jobs: digging ginseng (a herb) in the Long White Mountains, fishing in the Black River, and washing gold dust at Hailanpao. Without this education, he would never have become an undaunted revolutionary.
  3. (uncountable, slang) Cannabis.
    Synonyms: grass, weed; see also Thesaurus:marijuana
  4. (countable, botany) A plant whose stem is not woody and does not persist beyond each growing season
  5. (uncountable, obsolete) Grass; herbage.
  6. (countable, US, slang) (always with pronounced /h/) A lame or uncool person.
    • 2008, Maryann Dickar, Corridor Cultures: Mapping Student Resistance at an Urban School, page 88:
      George (AO) describes the tie between fighting and respect: 'Cause some people could come up to you and say, “Ah, he's a herb, he can't fight. He's nothing.”

Hyponyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Anagrams edit

German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German hare, here (inflected harwe, herwe), from Old High German *haro, from Proto-West Germanic *haru.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /hɛrp/, [hɛɐ̯p], [hɛʁp]
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Adjective edit

herb (strong nominative masculine singular herber, comparative herber, superlative am herbsten)

  1. (of food and drink, e.g. beer) slightly bitter or sharp to the taste, often in a pleasant way; tart (but not in the sense of “sour”)
  2. (figurative, chiefly of events or deeds) harsh; hard

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • herb” in Duden online
  • herb” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old Czech erb, herb, from Middle High German erbe (heritage), from Old High German erbi, from Proto-West Germanic *arbī, from Proto-Germanic *arbiją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃orbʰ-yo-m, from the root *h₃erbʰ- (to change allegiance, status, ownership). Compare German Erbe.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

herb m inan

  1. (heraldry) coat of arms
  2. (heraldry) armigerous clan; cf. Polish heraldry

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjectives
nouns
verb

Descendants edit

  • Russian: герб (gerb), гербъ (gerb)
    • Azerbaijani: gerb
    • Kildin Sami: ге̄ррп (gierrp)
    • Latvian: ģerbonis
    • Macedonian: грб (grb)
    • Uzbek: gerb
  • Yiddish: ⁧הערב(herb)

Further reading edit

  • herb in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • herb in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Polish herb.

Noun edit

herb n (plural herburi)

  1. (heraldry, dated) coat of arms

Declension edit

References edit

  • herb in Academia Română, Micul dicționar academic, ediția a II-a, Bucharest: Univers Enciclopedic, 2010. →ISBN

Zazaki edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicحَرْب(ḥarb, war).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

herb

  1. (dated) war

Synonyms edit