See also: Herb, hərb, and herb.

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English erbe, borrowed from Old French erbe (French herbe), from Latin herba. Initial h was restored to the spelling in the 15th century on the basis on Latin, but it remained mute until the 19th century and still is for many speakers.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, General Australian, General New Zealand) enPR: hû(r)b, IPA(key): /hɜːb/
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  • (US, Canada) enPR: (h)ûrb, IPA(key): /(h)ɝb/
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  • North American pronunciation of the word varies; some speakers include the h-sound and others omit it, with the h-less pronunciation being the more common. Individual speakers are usually consistent in their choice, but the choice does not appear to be correlated with any regional, socioeconomic, or educational distinctions.
  • Outside of North America, the h-less pronunciation is restricted to speakers who have a general tendency to "drop the h" in all words.
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)b

NounEdit

herb (countable and uncountable, plural herbs)

  1. (countable) Any green, leafy plant, or parts thereof, used to flavour or season food.
  2. (countable) A plant whose roots, leaves or seeds, etc. are used in medicine.
    If any medicinal herbs used by witches were supposedly evil, then how come people from at least the past benefited from the healing properties of such herbs?
  3. (uncountable, slang, euphemistic) Marijuana.
  4. (countable, botany) A plant whose stem is not woody and does not persist beyond each growing season
  5. (uncountable, obsolete) Grass; herbage.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      flocks grazing the tender herb

SynonymsEdit

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GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German hare, here (inflected harwe, herwe), implying an Old High German *haro, *hero. Further origin uncertain. No known cognates, but perhaps related to Old English hyrwan (to mock, harass).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /hɛrp/, [hɛɐ̯p], [hɛʁp]
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AdjectiveEdit

herb (comparative herber, superlative am herbsten)

  1. (of food and drink, e.g. beer) slightly bitter or sharp to the taste, often in a pleasant way; tart (but not in the sense of “sour”)
  2. (figuratively, chiefly of events or deeds) harsh; hard

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • herb in Duden online

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German erbe (heritage). Compare German Erbe.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

herb m inan

  1. (heraldry) coat of arms
  2. (heraldry) armigerous clan; cf. Polish heraldry

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Russian: герб (gerb)
  • Yiddish: הערב(herb)

ZazakiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

herb

  1. (dated) war

SynonymsEdit