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Ottoman TurkishEdit

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From Persian شلوار (šalvâr).


شلوار (şelvâr) (plural شلوارلر)

  1. trousers
  2. shalwar



From Middle Persian šlwʾl (šalwār, trousers), from Proto-Indo-European *skelo- (thigh) + *wero- (to cover). For the first part compare شل (šal, thigh), and for the second part compare Old Armenian վարտիք (vartikʿ), an Iranian borrowing.

Compare Iranian borrowings: Ancient Greek σαράβαρα (sarábara, Scythian loose trousers), σαράβαλλα (saráballa), Latin sarabala, sarabāra, Biblical Aramaic (Daniel) and Jewish Babylonian Aramaic סרבלא (srblʾ, trousers; a type of outer garment), Classical Syriac ܫܪܒܠܐ (šarbālā, trousers), ܫܪܘܠܐ du (šarwālē, leggings), Classical Mandaic ࡔࡀࡓࡅࡀࡋࡀ (šaruala, trousers), Arabic سِرْوَال (sirwāl), سِرْبَال (sirbāl) (possibly from the root س ب ل (s-b-l)), شِرْوَال (širwāl) (dialectal), شَرْوَال (šarwāl) (modern), سِرْوَل (sirwal), سِرْوِيل (sirwīl).



Dari Persian شلوار
Iranian Persian شلوار
Tajiki Persian шалвор (šalvor)

شلوار (šalvâr) (plural شلوارها (šalvâr-hâ))

  1. trousers
  2. shalwar


Derived termsEdit



  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “šalwār”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 79
  • $rbl”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Brockelmann, Carl (1928), “ܫܪܒܠܐ”, in Lexicon Syriacum (in Latin), 2nd edition, Halle: Max Niemeyer, published 1995, page 806b
  • Jastrow, Marcus (1903) A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature, London, New York: Luzac & Co., G.P. Putnam's Sons, page 1022a
  • Shooshtary, Dakhil (2012), “Trouser”, in Mandaic Dictionary: English Mandaic, Bloomington: AuthorHouse, →ISBN, page 294
  • "Sirwāl" in Walther Björkman (1997), Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd ed., volume IX: San–Sze, edited by C. E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W. P. Heinrichs and the late G. Lecomte, Leiden: E. J. Brill, →ISBN, page 676