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See also: FIR, fir-, and fír

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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A fir tree (Abies balsamea)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English firre, from either Old Norse fýri (as in fýriskógr (pine-wood)[1] or Old English fyrh, furh (as in furhwudu (pinewood),[2] from Proto-Germanic *furhō, *furhijǭ (compare Dutch vuren, Low German Fuhr, German Föhre (pine), Danish fyr), from Proto-Indo-European *pŕ̥kʷeh₂ (compare Italian (Trentino) porca (fir), from *pérkʷus (oak) (compare Latin quercus (oak), Albanian shpardh, shparr (Italian oak), Punjabi ਪਰਗਾਇ (pargāī, holm oak, Quercus baloot)). Related to frith.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fir (countable and uncountable, plural firs)

  1. (chiefly countable) A conifer of the genus Abies.
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 1, in The Dust of Conflict[1]:
      A beech wood with silver firs in it rolled down the face of the hill, and the maze of leafless twigs and dusky spires cut sharp against the soft blueness of the evening sky.
  2. (chiefly countable) Any pinaceous conifer of related genera, especially a Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga) or a Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris).
    • 1954, J. R. R. Tolkien, chapter 3, in The Lord of the Rings:
      we shall find a spot that is sheltered and snug enough, sir. There is a dry fir-wood just ahead, if I remember rightly.
    • 1991, Paul Chadwick, Concrete: American Christmas, Dark Horse Books
      I can almost smell the fir scent… resinous, pungent.
  3. (uncountable) Wood of such trees.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd edn., s.v. "fir" (Oxford, 2000).
  2. ^ J.P. Mallory, Douglas Q. Adams, eds., Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture s.v. "oak", "pine" (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997), pp. 407, 428-9.

AnagramsEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fir m

  1. inflection of fear:
    1. vocative and genitive singular
    2. nominative and dative plural

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fir fhir bhfir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

fir

  1. rafsi of flira.

LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German furi, from Proto-Germanic *furi. Cognate with German für, English for.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

fir (+ accusative)

  1. for

Derived termsEdit


ManxEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fir

  1. plural of fer

MutationEdit

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fir ir vir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

fir

  1. imperative of fire

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fir

  1. vocative singular of fer
  2. genitive singular of fer
  3. nominative plural of fer

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fir ḟir fir
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin fīlum, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fir n (plural fire)

  1. thread, string, filament, wire
  2. (fir de păr) a hair

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit