See also:
U+6749, 杉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6749

[U+6748]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+674A]

Translingual

edit

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 75, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 木竹竹竹 (DHHH), four-corner 42922, composition )

Derived characters

edit

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 511, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14452
  • Dae Jaweon: page 895, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1161, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6749

Chinese

edit
simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *sreːm) : semantic (tree) + phonetic (OC *sroːm, *slom).

Pronunciation

edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (151)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter sream
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠɛm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚæm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɐm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂəɨm/
Li
Rong
/ʃɐm/
Wang
Li
/ʃɐm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
saam1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11042
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sreːm/
Notes

Definitions

edit

  1. fir (various species of conifers)
      ―  shān  ―  Cunninghamia lanceolata (China fir)
      ―  lěngshān  ―  Abies (firs)
    南洋  ―  nányángshān  ―  Araucaria cunninghamii (hoop pine)
  2. Used in transliterations.

Compounds

edit

Japanese

edit

Kanji

edit

(Jōyō kanji)

Readings

edit

Etymology 1

edit
Kanji in this term
すぎ
Grade: S
kun'yomi
Alternative spelling
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From Old Japanese (sugi2), which Miyake (1997) (apud Schuessler, 2007) associates with Old Chinese (OC *sɢloŋ). Ultimately comes from reconstructed Proto-Japonic *sunkOy.[1]

First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[2]

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(すぎ) or (スギ) (sugi

  1. Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)
Usage notes
edit
  • As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as スギ.
Descendants
edit
  • English: sugi

Proper noun

edit
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

(すぎ) (Sugi

  1. a surname

Etymology 2

edit
Kanji in this term
すぎ
Grade: S
(ateji)
kun'yomi

This kanji is an ateji (当て字).

Suffix

edit

(すぎ) (-sugi

  1. (Internet slang, dated) Alternative spelling of 過ぎ (excessively, form of 過ぎる (sugiru))

References

edit
  1. ^ Schuessler, Axel (2007). An Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese. University of Hawaii Press. p. 479
  2. ^ 杉・椙”, in 日本国語大辞典 [Nihon Kokugo Daijiten]‎[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, 2000
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Korean

edit

Hanja

edit

(sam) (hangeul , revised sam, McCune–Reischauer sam, Yale sam)

  1. (삼나무): Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Nôm readings: sam, trinh

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References

edit