See also: Pine and piné

English edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /paɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪn

Etymology 1 edit

 
a Turkish pine (Pinus brutia) (1)

From Middle English pyne, from Latin pīnus, from Proto-Indo-European *peyH- (sap, juice). Cognate with Sanskrit पितु (pitu, sap, juice, resin). Doublet of pinus. Related to fat.

Noun edit

pine (countable and uncountable, plural pines)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Any coniferous tree of the genus Pinus.
    Synonyms: pine tree, pinus
    The northern slopes were covered mainly in pine.
    • 1913, Joseph C[rosby] Lincoln, chapter I, in Mr. Pratt’s Patients, New York, N.Y., London: D[aniel] Appleton and Company, →OCLC:
      I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Miss Thyrza’s Chair”, in The China Governess: A Mystery, London: Chatto & Windus, →OCLC, page 41:
      Sepia Delft tiles surrounded the fireplace, their crudely drawn Biblical scenes in faded cyclamen blending with the pinkish pine, while above them, instead of a mantelshelf, there was an archway high enough to form a balcony with slender balusters and a tapestry-hung wall behind.
  2. (countable) Any tree (usually coniferous) which resembles a member of this genus in some respect.
  3. (uncountable) The wood of this tree.
    Synonym: pinewood
  4. (archaic except Caribbean, Guyana, South Africa) A pineapple.
  5. (sports, uncountable, colloquial) The bench, where players sit when not playing.
    • 2013, Sam Zygner, The Forgotten Marlins, page 287:
      [] rather than languish on the pine in Miami.
    • 2019, Martin Copeland, The Boys from Dogtown:
      Take off your gear and hit the pine. And don't take your time. You understand me, boy?
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English pine, pyne, from Old English *pīn (pain), from Proto-Germanic *pīnō (pain, torment, torture), possibly from Latin poena (punishment), from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, penalty, fine, bloodmoney). Cognate to pain.

Entered Germanic with Christianity; cognate to Middle Dutch pinen, Old High German pīnōn, Old Norse pína.[1]

Noun edit

pine (plural pines)

  1. (archaic) A painful longing.
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Middle English pinen, from Old English pīnian (to torment), from Proto-Germanic *pīnōną, from Proto-Germanic *pīnō (pain, torment, torture), from the noun (see above). Cognate with German peinigen (to torment, torture), Icelandic pína (to torment).

Verb edit

pine (third-person singular simple present pines, present participle pining, simple past and past participle pined)

  1. (intransitive) To languish; to lose flesh or wear away through distress.
    Synonyms: languish, droop
    • c. 1589–1590 (date written), Christopher Marlo[we], edited by Tho[mas] Heywood, The Famous Tragedy of the Rich Iew of Malta. [], London: [] I[ohn] B[eale] for Nicholas Vavasour, [], published 1633, →OCLC, Act I:
      Why pine not I, and die in this distress?
    • 170?, Thomas Tickell, To a Lady; With a Present of Flowers:
      This night shall see the gaudy wreath decline, The roses wither and the lilies pine.
    • 1855, John Sullivan Dwight (translator), “Oh Holy Night”, as printed in 1871, Adolphe-Charles Adam (music), “Cantique de Noël”, G. Schirmer (New York), originally by Placide Cappeau de Roquemaure, 1847
      Long lay the world in sin and error pining / Till He appear’d and the soul felt its worth
    • 1994, Walter Dean Myers, The Glory Field[1], →ISBN, page 29:
      The way the story went was that the man's foot healed up all right but that he just pined away.
    • 2001 May 15, Tool (lyrics and music), “Reflection” (track 11), in Lateralus[2]:
      Before I pine away (Pine away)
  2. (intransitive) To long, to yearn so much that it causes suffering.
    Synonyms: long, yearn
    Laura was pining for Bill all the time he was gone.
    • 1674, John Milton, “Book XI”, in Paradise Lost. [], 2nd edition, London: [] S[amuel] Simmons [], →OCLC, pages 299–300:
      [T]hou mayſt know / What miſerie th' inabſtinence of Eve / Shall bring on men. Immediately a place / Before his eyes appeard, ſad, noyſom, dark, / A Lazar-houſe it ſeemd, wherein were laid / Numbers all diſeas'd, [] / [] / Dæmoniac Phrenzie, moaping Melancholie / And Moon-ſtruck madneſs, pining Atrophie, / Maraſmus and wide-waſting Peſtilence.
    • 1969 December 7, Monty Python, “Full Frontal Nudity, Dead Parrot sketch”, in Monty Python's Flying Circus, spoken by shopkeeper and Mr Praline (Michael Palin and John Cleese):
      Praline: "That parrot is definitely deceased. And when I bought it not half an hour ago you assured me that its lack of movement was due to it being tired and shagged out after a long squawk."
      Shopkeeper: "It's probably pining for the fiords."
      Praline: "Pining for the fiords, what kind of talk is that?"
    • 2016 August 14, Ross Douthat, “A Playboy for President”, in The New York Times[3]:
      Ten years ago, liberals pined for a post-religious right, a different culture war. Be careful what you wish for.
    • 2019 August 14, A. A. Dowd, “Good Boys Puts a Tween Spin on the R-rated Teen Comedy, to Mostly Funny Effect”, in The A.V. Club[4], archived from the original on 4 March 2021:
      Of the group, Max (Room’s Jacob Tremblay) is the most nominally mature, at least biologically speaking; unlike his childhood companions, he’s entered the early throes of puberty, and spends a lot of his waking hours pining, rather chastely, for a classmate (Millie Davis).
  3. (transitive) To grieve or mourn for.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?) (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought:)
  4. (transitive) To inflict pain upon; to torment.
    Synonyms: torment, torture, afflict
    • 1648, Joseph Hall, “The Breathings of the Devout Soul”, in Josiah Pratt, editor, The Works of the Right Reverend Father in God, Joseph Hall, D.D. [], volume VI (Devotional Works), London: [] C[harles] Whittingham, []; for Williams and Smith, [], published 1808, →OCLC, page 325:
      Which way, O Lord, which way can I look, and not see some sad examples of misery? [] [O]ne is pined in prison; another, tortured on the rack; a third, languisheth under the loss of a dear son, or wife, or husband.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Further reading edit

References edit

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024), “pine”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams edit

Bih edit

Noun edit

pine

  1. woman, girl

Further reading edit

  • Tam Thi Min Nguyen, A grammar of Bih (2013)

Danish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Via Old Saxon pīna from Medieval Latin pēna (punishment in hell), from Latin poena (punishment), a loan from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, penalty, fine, bloodmoney).

Noun edit

pine c (singular definite pinen, plural indefinite piner)

  1. torment
  2. (in compounds) ache
Inflection edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Middle Low German pīnen, derived from the noun.

Verb edit

pine (imperative pin, infinitive at pine, present tense piner, past tense pinte, perfect tense er/har pint)

  1. torment
  2. torture
Synonyms edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Originally “pinecone”, from Latin pīnea

Noun edit

pine f (plural pines)

  1. (slang) nob, penis

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

pine

  1. inflection of piner:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading edit

Galician edit

Verb edit

pine

  1. inflection of pinar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpi.ne/
  • Rhymes: -ine
  • Hyphenation: pì‧ne

Noun edit

pine f

  1. plural of pina

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Noun edit

pīne

  1. vocative singular of pīnus

Maori edit

Etymology edit

Probably English pin

Noun edit

pine

  1. pin, tack, brooch

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse pína, from Latin poena.

Noun edit

pine f or m (definite singular pina or pinen, indefinite plural piner, definite plural pinene)

  1. pain, torment, torture

Derived terms edit

Verb edit

pine (present tense piner, past tense pinte, past participle pint)

  1. to torment, to torture

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse pína, from Latin poena.

Noun edit

pine f (definite singular pina, indefinite plural piner, definite plural pinene)

  1. pain, torment, torture

Derived terms edit

Verb edit

pine (present tense piner, past tense pinte, past participle pint, passive infinitive pinast, present participle pinande, imperative pin)

  1. to torment, to torture

References edit

Portuguese edit

Verb edit

pine

  1. inflection of pinar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

From Old Frisian pīne, borrowed from Latin pēna, borrowed from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ). Cognates include Saterland Frisian Piene and Dutch pijn.

Noun edit

pine c (plural pinen, diminutive pyntsje)

  1. pain, ache

Further reading edit

  • pine”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Zazaki edit

Noun edit

pine

  1. patch
  2. (computing) patch