- pyne (obsolete)
From Middle English pyne, from Latin pīnus, from Proto-Indo-European *peyH- (“sap, juice”). Cognate with Sanskrit पितु (pitu, “sap, juice, resin”). Doublet of pinus.
pine (countable and uncountable, plural pines)
- (countable, uncountable) Any coniferous tree of the genus Pinus.
- 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
- I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
- 1963, Margery Allingham, “Miss Thyrza’s Chair”, in The China Governess: A Mystery, London: Chatto & Windus, →OCLC, page 41:
- Sepia Delft tiles surrounded the fireplace, their crudely drawn Biblical scenes in faded cyclamen blending with the pinkish pine, while above them, instead of a mantelshelf, there was an archway high enough to form a balcony with slender balusters and a tapestry-hung wall behind.
- The northern slopes were covered mainly in pine.
- (countable) Any tree (usually coniferous) which resembles a member of this genus in some respect.
- (uncountable) The wood of this tree.
- Synonym: pinewood
- (archaic except Caribbean, Guyana, South Africa) A pineapple.
- 1847 January – 1848 July, William Makepeace Thackeray, Vanity Fair […], London: Bradbury and Evans […], published 1848, →OCLC:
- " […] I bought a pine-apple at the same time, which I gave to Sambo. Let's have it for tiffin; very cool and nice this hot weather." Rebecca said she had never tasted a pine, and longed beyond everything to taste one.
- 1918 June, Katherine Mansfield [pseudonym; Kathleen Mansfield Murry], “Prelude”, in Bliss and Other Stories, London: Constable & Company, published 1920, →OCLC, chapter 7, pages 38–39:
- Linda carried the oysters in one hand and the pineapple in the other. […] [S]he put the bottle of oysters and the pine on a little carved chair.
- arolla pine (Pinus cembra)
- Austrian pine (Pinus nigra)
- black pine (Pinus nigra etc.)
- Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii)
- Brazilian pine (Araucaria angustifolia)
- bristlecone pine (Pinus subsect. Balfourianae spp.)
- bunya pine (Araucaria bidwillii)
- Chile pine/Chilean pine (Araucaria araucana)
- cypress pine (Cupressaceae spp.)
- digger pine (Pinus sabiniana)
- fern pine
- grey pine (Pinus banksiana)
- ground pine
- Guadalupe pine (Pinus radiata var. binata)
- hard pine (Pinus subg. Pinus spp.)
- hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii)
- horsetail pine (Pinus massoniana)
- Huon pine (Lagarostrobos franklinii)
- insignis pine (Pinus radiata)
- jack pine (Pinus banksiana)
- Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi)
- joint pine (Ephedra spp.)
- King Billy pine/King William pine (Athrotaxis selaginoides)
- klinki pine (Araucaria hunsteinii)
- Lambert pine (Pinus lambertiana)
- loblolly pine (Pinus taeda)
- lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta)
- longleaf pine (Pinus palustris)
- maritime pine (Pinus pinaster)
- Monterey pine (Pinus radiata)
- mountain pine (Pinus mugo)
- mugo pine (Pinus mugo)
- Norfolk Island pine/Norfolk pine (Araucaria heterophylla)
- Norway pine (Pinus resinosa)
- nut pine
- Parana pine/Paraná pine (Araucaria angustifolia)
- pencil pine
- pine beetle (Dendroctonus spp.)
- pine bunting (Emberiza leucocephalos)
- Pine City
- pinecone, pine cone
- Pine County
- pinedrops (Pterospora andromedea)
- pinegrass (Calamagrostis rubescens)
- pine grouse
- Pine Lake
- pine marten (Martes martes)
- Pine Mountain
- pine mushroom (Tricholoma magnivelare)
- pine needle
- pine nut
- pinesap (Monotropa hypopitys)
- pine shoot moth (Rhyacionia buoliana)
- pine squirrel (Tamiasciurus spp.)
- pine tar
- pine thistle (Carlina gummifera)
- pine tree (Pinus spp.)
- pine vole (Microtus pinetorum)
- pineweed (Hypericum sarothra)
- pine weevil (Hylobius abietis)
- pine woods snake (Rhadinaea flavilata)
- piñon pine (Pinus subsect. Cembroides)
- pitch pine (Pinus rigida etc.)
- plum pine (Podocarpaceae spp.)
- ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa)
- prince's pine (Chimaphila umbellata)
- radiata pine (Pinus radiata)
- red pine (Pinus resinosa)
- Scotch pine/Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)
- screw pine (Pandanus)
- scrub pine (Pinus banksiana)
- shore pine (Pinus contorta)
- shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata)
- silver pine (Manoao colensoi)
- soft pine (Pinus subg. Strobus)
- star pine (Araucaria heterophylla)
- stone pine (Pinus pinea, Pinus cembra)
- sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana)
- swamp pine (Pinus elliottii)
- Swiss pine (Pinus cembra)
- Turkish pine (Pinus brutia)
- umbrella pine (Pinus pinea, Pinus cembra)
- white pine (Pinus subg. Strobus spp.)
- Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis)
- yellow pine
- yew pine
From Middle English pine, pyne, from Old English *pīn (“pain”), from Proto-Germanic *pīnō (“pain, torment, torture”), possibly from Latin poena (“punishment”), from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, “penalty, fine, bloodmoney”). Cognate to pain.
Entered Germanic with Christianity; cognate to Middle Dutch pinen, Old High German pīnōn, Old Norse pína.
pine (plural pines)
From Middle English pinen, from Old English pīnian (“to torment”), from Proto-Germanic *pīnōną, from Proto-Germanic *pīnō (“pain, torment, torture”), from the noun (see above). Cognate with German peinigen (“to torment, torture”), Icelandic pína (“to torment”).
pine (third-person singular simple present pines, present participle pining, simple past and past participle pined)
- (intransitive) To languish; to lose flesh or wear away through distress.
- c. 1589–1590, Christopher Marlo[we], Tho[mas] Heywood, editor, The Famous Tragedy of the Rich Ievv of Malta. […], London: […] I[ohn] B[eale] for Nicholas Vavasour, […], published 1633, →OCLC, Act I, [scene iii]:
- Why pine not I, and die in this distress?
- 170?, Thomas Tickell, To a Lady; With a Present of Flowers:
- This night shall see the gaudy wreath decline, The roses wither and the lilies pine.
- 1855, John Sullivan Dwight (translator), “Oh Holy Night”, as printed in 1871, Adolphe-Charles Adam (music), “Cantique de Noël”, G. Schirmer (New York), originally by Placide Cappeau de Roquemaure, 1847
- Long lay the world in sin and error pining / Till He appear’d and the soul felt its worth
- 1994, Walter Dean Myers, The Glory Field, →ISBN, page 29:
- The way the story went was that the man's foot healed up all right but that he just pined away.
- (intransitive) To long, to yearn so much that it causes suffering.
- 1969 December 7, Monty Python, “Full Frontal Nudity, Dead Parrot sketch”, in Monty Python's Flying Circus, spoken by shopkeeper and Mr Praline (Michael Palin and John Cleese):
- Praline: "That parrot is definitely deceased. And when I bought it not half an hour ago you assured me that its lack of movement was due to it being tired and shagged out after a long squawk."
Shopkeeper: "It's probably pining for the fiords."
Praline: "Pining for the fiords, what kind of talk is that?"
- 2016 August 14, Ross Douthat, “A Playboy for President”, in The New York Times:
- Ten years ago, liberals pined for a post-religious right, a different culture war. Be careful what you wish for.
- 2019 August 14, A. A. Dowd, “Good Boys Puts a Tween Spin on the R-rated Teen Comedy, to Mostly Funny Effect”, in The A.V. Club, archived from the original on 4 March 2021:
- Of the group, Max (Room’s Jacob Tremblay) is the most nominally mature, at least biologically speaking; unlike his childhood companions, he’s entered the early throes of puberty, and spends a lot of his waking hours pining, rather chastely, for a classmate (Millie Davis).
- (transitive) To grieve or mourn for.
- 1674, John Milton, “Book XI”, in Paradise Lost. […], 2nd edition, London: […] S[amuel] Simmons […], →OCLC, pages 299–300:
- [T]hou mayſt know / What miſerie th' inabſtinence of Eve / Shall bring on men. Immediately a place / Before his eyes appeard, ſad, noyſom, dark, / A Lazar-houſe it ſeemd, wherein were laid / Numbers all diſeas'd, […] / […] / Dæmoniac Phrenzie, moaping Melancholie / And Moon-ſtruck madneſs, pining Atrophie, / Maraſmus and wide-waſting Peſtilence.
- (transitive) To inflict pain upon; to torment.
- 1648, Joseph Hall, “The Breathings of the Devout Soul”, in Josiah Pratt, editor, The Works of the Right Reverend Father in God, Joseph Hall, D.D. […], volume VI (Devotional Works), London: […] C[harles] Whittingham, […]; for Williams and Smith, […], published 1808, →OCLC, page 325:
- Which way, O Lord, which way can I look, and not see some sad examples of misery? […] [O]ne is pined in prison; another, tortured on the rack; a third, languisheth under the loss of a dear son, or wife, or husband.
- pine on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- “pine”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
- pine at OneLook Dictionary Search
- ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “pine”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
- Tam Thi Min Nguyen, A grammar of Bih (2013)
Via Old Saxon pīna from Medieval Latin pēna (“punishment in hell”), from Latin poena (“punishment”), a loan from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, “penalty, fine, bloodmoney”).
pine c (singular definite pinen, plural indefinite piner)
Borrowed from Middle Low German pīnen, derived from the noun.
pine (imperative pin, infinitive at pine, present tense piner, past tense pinte, perfect tense er/har pint)
Originally “pinecone”, from Latin pīnea
pine f (plural pines)
See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.
- inflection of piner:
- “pine”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
Probably English pin
From Old Norse pína, from Latin poena.
pine f or m (definite singular pina or pinen, indefinite plural piner, definite plural pinene)
pine (present tense piner, past tense pinte, past participle pint)
From Old Norse pína, from Latin poena.
pine f (definite singular pina, indefinite plural piner, definite plural pinene)
pine (present tense piner, past tense pinte, past participle pint, passive infinitive pinast, present participle pinande, imperative pin)
- “pine” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
- inflection of pinar:
From Old Frisian pīne, borrowed from Latin pēna, borrowed from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ). Cognates include Saterland Frisian Piene and Dutch pijn.
pine c (plural pinen, diminutive pyntsje)
- “pine”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011