अश्रु

See also: अश्रि

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit अश्रु (áśru), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háśru, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háćru, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱru-, from compound *dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru- (eye bitter) (compare *dáḱru-). Cognate with Greek δάκρυ (dákry), Lithuanian ašara, Latvian asara, English tear.

Doublet of आँसू (ā̃sū), a tadbhava.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /əʃ.ɾuː/

NounEdit

अश्रु (aśrum (Urdu spelling اشر‎)

  1. (poetic, uncommon) tear

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háśru, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háćru, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱru, from compound *dr̥ḱ-h₂eḱru- (eye bitter) (compare *dáḱru-). Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬭𐬏-(asrū-), 𐬀𐬯𐬭𐬏𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬥(asrūazan), Lithuanian ãšara, Ancient Greek δάκρυ (dákru), Hittite 𒅖𒄩𒀪𒊒 (isḫaḫru), Tocharian A ākär, Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌲𐍂 (tagr), Old Armenian արտաւսր (artawsr), Latin lacrima, and Old English tēar (whence English tear).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

अश्रु (áśrun

  1. tear
    with मुच् (muc), कृ (kṛ) or वृत् (vṛt)to shed tears, weep
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.95.12b:
      कदा सूनुः पितरं जात इछाच्चक्रन नाश्रु वर्तयद्विजानन ।
      को दम्पती समनसा वि यूयोदध यदग्निःश्वशुरेषु दीदयत ॥
      kadā sūnuḥ pitaraṃ jāta ichāccakrana nāśru vartayadvijānana .
      ko dampatī samanasā vi yūyodadha yadagniḥśvaśureṣu dīdayata .
      When will the son be born and seek his father? Mourner-like, will he weep when first he knows him?
      Who shall divide the accordant wife and husband, while fire is shining with thy consort's parents?

DeclensionEdit

Neuter u-stem declension of अश्रु (áśru)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अश्रु
áśru
अश्रुणी
áśruṇī
अश्रू / अश्रु / अश्रूणि¹
áśrū / áśru / áśrūṇi¹
Vocative अश्रु / अश्रो
áśru / áśro
अश्रुणी
áśruṇī
अश्रू / अश्रु / अश्रूणि¹
áśrū / áśru / áśrūṇi¹
Accusative अश्रु
áśru
अश्रुणी
áśruṇī
अश्रू / अश्रु / अश्रूणि¹
áśrū / áśru / áśrūṇi¹
Instrumental अश्रुणा / अश्र्वा²
áśruṇā / áśrvā²
अश्रुभ्याम्
áśrubhyām
अश्रुभिः
áśrubhiḥ
Dative अश्रवे / अश्र्वे³
áśrave / áśrve³
अश्रुभ्याम्
áśrubhyām
अश्रुभ्यः
áśrubhyaḥ
Ablative अश्रोः / अश्रुणः¹ / अश्र्वः³
áśroḥ / áśruṇaḥ¹ / áśrvaḥ³
अश्रुभ्याम्
áśrubhyām
अश्रुभ्यः
áśrubhyaḥ
Genitive अश्रोः / अश्रुणः¹ / अश्र्वः³
áśroḥ / áśruṇaḥ¹ / áśrvaḥ³
अश्रुणोः
áśruṇoḥ
अश्रूणाम्
áśrūṇām
Locative अश्रुणि
áśruṇi
अश्रुणोः
áśruṇoḥ
अश्रुषु
áśruṣu
Notes
  • ¹Later Sanskrit
  • ²Vedic
  • ³Less common

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit