See also: asarā, asará, asară, ašara, and ašarą

Contents

AsturianEdit

VerbEdit

asara

  1. first-person singular pluperfect indicative of asar
  2. third-person singular pluperfect indicative of asar
  3. first-person singular imperfect preterite subjunctive of asar
  4. third-person singular imperfect preterite subjunctive of asar

LatinEdit

LatvianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From asaris(perch (fish sp.)).

NounEdit

asara m

  1. genitive singular form of asaris

asara m

  1. (dialectal form) genitive singular form of asars

Etymology 2Edit

 
Asaras

From Proto-Baltic *ašar-, from Proto-Indo-European *aḱr(u), *aḱ-ar, from *h₂eḱru- (perhaps the same as *h₃ekʷ-(eye)). Cognates include Lithuanian ašara, Sanskrit अश्रु(aśru), Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬭𐬏(asrū-), Tocharian A ākär, perhaps also Hittite išẖaẖru, ešẖaẖru (< *išẖakru), if the initial is, as has been suggested, the reflex of an s-mobile; with an extra initial element *dr̥ḱ- (perhaps “bitter”?), also Ancient Greek δάκρυ(dákru), Latin lacrima (from older dacrima, dacruma), Proto-Germanic *tahrą (whence English tear).[1]

NounEdit

asara f (4th declension)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) tears (clear, salty liquid produced by the eyes during crying)
    asaru dziedzeri‎ ― tear glands
    asaru pilnas acis‎ ― eyes full of tears
    prieka asaras acīs‎ ― tears of joy in the eyes
    asaras saskrēja viņai acīs‎ ― tears came (lit. ran) to her (in the) eyes
    asaras plūst aumaļām‎ ― tears are flowing in streams
    smieties līdz asarām‎ ― to laugh to tears
    asaru gāze‎ ― tear gas
    asaru šķidrums satur brīnišķīgu vielu, kura spēj nonāvēt mikrobus‎ ― the lacrimal fluid contains a clear substance capable of killing germs
  2. (in the singular) teardrop (a single drop of said liquid)
    lēni norit liela asara‎ ― a big teardrop slowly ran down
  3. (in the plural) crying, weeping
    asaras mācas virsū‎ ― tears are gathering
    asaras aizžņaudz kaklu‎ ― tears (= crying) strangled (his) neck
    būt tuvu asarām‎ ― to be close to tears (i.e., about to cry)
    ļaut asarām vaļu‎ ― to let the tears out
    raudāt rūgtas, gaužas asaras‎ ― to cry bitter tears
    caur asarām runāt, smaidīt‎ ― to speak, to smile through tears (i.e, while crying)
DeclensionEdit
Usage notesEdit

The plural forms are much more frequently used than the singular forms.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “asara”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

asara

  1. First-person singular (yo) imperfect subjunctive form of asar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperfect subjunctive form of asar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) imperfect subjunctive form of asar.