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गन्धर्व

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SanskritEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

गन्धर्व (gandharvám

  1. (Hinduism, Buddhism) a gandharva (one of a class of male heavenly beings, famed singers and guardians of soma)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 9.86.36
      सप्त स्वसारो अभि मातरः शिशुं नवं जज्ञानं जेन्यं विपश्चितम् ।
      अपां गन्धर्वं दिव्यं नृचक्षसं सोमं विश्वस्य भुवनस्य राजसे ॥
      sapta svasāro abhi mātaraḥ śiśuṃ navaṃ jajñānaṃ jenyaṃ vipaścitam .
      apāṃ gandharvaṃ divyaṃ nṛcakṣasaṃ somaṃ viśvasya bhuvanasya rājase .
      The Sisters Seven, the Mothers, stand around the Babe, the noble, new-born Infant, skilled in holy song,
      Gandharva of the floods, divine, beholding men, Soma, that he may reign as King of all the world.
  2. (figuratively) a skilled singer, bard
    • c. 700 CE – 900 CE, Bhāgavata Purāṇa 1.11.20
      नटनर्तकगन्धर्वाः सूत मागध वन्दिनः ।
      गायन्ति चोत्तमश्लोक चरितानि अद्‍भुतानि च ॥
      naṭanartakagandharvāḥ sūta māgadha vandinaḥ .
      gāyanti cottamaśloka caritāni ad‍bhutāni ca .
  3. a sage, religious man
  4. horse
    Synonyms: अश्व (aśva)
  5. A male given name

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of गन्धर्व
Nom. sg. गन्धर्वः (gandharvaḥ)
Gen. sg. गन्धर्वस्य (gandharvasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गन्धर्वः (gandharvaḥ) गन्धर्वौ (gandharvau) गन्धर्वाः (gandharvāḥ)
Vocative गन्धर्व (gandharva) गन्धर्वौ (gandharvau) गन्धर्वाः (gandharvāḥ)
Accusative गन्धर्वम् (gandharvam) गन्धर्वौ (gandharvau) गन्धर्वान् (gandharvān)
Instrumental गन्धर्वेन (gandharvena) गन्धर्वाभ्याम् (gandharvābhyām) गन्धर्वैः (gandharvaiḥ)
Dative गन्धर्वाय (gandharvāya) गन्धर्वाभ्याम् (gandharvābhyām) गन्धर्वेभ्यः (gandharvebhyaḥ)
Ablative गन्धर्वात् (gandharvāt) गन्धर्वाभ्याम् (gandharvābhyām) गन्धर्वेभ्यः (gandharvebhyaḥ)
Genitive गन्धर्वस्य (gandharvasya) गन्धर्वयोः (gandharvayoḥ) गन्धर्वानाम् (gandharvānām)
Locative गन्धर्वे (gandharve) गन्धर्वयोः (gandharvayoḥ) गन्धर्वेषु (gandharveṣu)

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 346