अश्व

See also: अश्वा

HindiEdit

 
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Wikipedia hi
 
अश्व

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit अश्व (áśva), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háćwas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

अश्व (aśvam (Urdu spelling اشو‎)

  1. (formal) horse
    Synonyms: घोड़ा (ghoṛā) (more common), तुरग (turag)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of अश्व
Singular Plural
Direct अश्व (aśva) अश्व (aśva)
Oblique अश्व (aśva) अश्वों (aśvõ)
Vocative अश्व (aśva) अश्वो (aśvo)

Old GujaratiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit अश्व (áśva), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háćwas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos (horse)

NounEdit

अश्व (transliteration neededm

  1. horse
    Synonym: अश्व

SanskritEdit

 
Sanskrit Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sa

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háśwas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háćwas, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos (horse). Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬞𐬀(aspa), Old Persian 𐎠𐎿 (a-s /asa/), Lithuanian ašva, Ancient Greek ἵππος (híppos) Latin equus, Old English eoh.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

अश्व (áśvam

  1. horse, stallion
    Synonyms: वातायन (vātāyana), हय (haya)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.161.3:
      अग्निं दूतं प्रति यदब्रवीतनाश्वः कर्त्वो रथ उतेह कर्त्वः ।
      धेनुः कर्त्वा युवशा कर्त्वा द्वा तानि भ्रातरनु वः कृत्व्येमसि ॥
      agniṃ dūtaṃ prati yadabravītanāśvaḥ kartvo ratha uteha kartvaḥ .
      dhenuḥ kartvā yuvaśā kartvā dvā tāni bhrātaranu vaḥ kṛtvyemasi .
      What to the envoy Agni in reply ye spake, a courser must be made, a chariot fashioned here,
      A cow must be created, and the Twain made young. When we have done these things, Brother, we turn to you.
  2. (chess) knight
  3. the number "seven" (that being the number of the horses of the sun)
  4. Sagittarius

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of अश्व (áśva)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अश्वः
áśvaḥ
अश्वौ
áśvau
अश्वाः / अश्वासः¹
áśvāḥ / áśvāsaḥ¹
Vocative अश्व
áśva
अश्वौ
áśvau
अश्वाः / अश्वासः¹
áśvāḥ / áśvāsaḥ¹
Accusative अश्वम्
áśvam
अश्वौ
áśvau
अश्वान्
áśvān
Instrumental अश्वेन
áśvena
अश्वाभ्याम्
áśvābhyām
अश्वैः / अश्वेभिः¹
áśvaiḥ / áśvebhiḥ¹
Dative अश्वाय
áśvāya
अश्वाभ्याम्
áśvābhyām
अश्वेभ्यः
áśvebhyaḥ
Ablative अश्वात्
áśvāt
अश्वाभ्याम्
áśvābhyām
अश्वेभ्यः
áśvebhyaḥ
Genitive अश्वस्य
áśvasya
अश्वयोः
áśvayoḥ
अश्वानाम्
áśvānām
Locative अश्वे
áśve
अश्वयोः
áśvayoḥ
अश्वेषु
áśveṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Dardic: *ášpa
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀆𑀲 (āsa)
  • Pali: assa
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀅𑀲𑁆𑀲 (assa)

Borrowed termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • अ॑श्व” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 51, column 2.
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 033
  • Monier Williams (1899), “अश्व”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0114, column 3.
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 090
  • Alexander Lubotsky, A Rgvedic Word Concordance, American Oriental Society, 1997, lemma áśva