See also: Soma, SoMa, somā, somă, Sōma, and søma

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From New Latin, from Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma, body).

NounEdit

soma (plural somas or somata)

  1. (anatomy) The whole axial portion of an animal, including the head, neck, trunk, and tail.
  2. (cytology) The bulbous part of a neuron, containing the cell nucleus.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Sanskrit सोम (sóma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian.

 
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NounEdit

soma (uncountable)

  1. A ritual drink in ancient Vedic and continuing Hindu culture, obtained by pressing the Soma plant.
    • 2006, Karen Armstrong, The Great Transformation, Atlantic Books 2007, p. 82:
      Once he had drunk the intoxicating soma, he experienced an ascent to the gods without having to die a violent death, as in the old ritual.
  2. (by extension) any kind of intoxicating drug
SynonymsEdit
  • Soma (alternative capitalization)
Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

soma (comparative somempi, superlative somin)

  1. pretty
  2. cute, sweet

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of soma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative soma somat
genitive soman somien
partitive somaa somia
illative somaan somiin
singular plural
nominative soma somat
accusative nom. soma somat
gen. soman
genitive soman somien
somainrare
partitive somaa somia
inessive somassa somissa
elative somasta somista
illative somaan somiin
adessive somalla somilla
ablative somalta somilta
allative somalle somille
essive somana somina
translative somaksi somiksi
instructive somin
abessive somatta somitta
comitative somine

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin sagma, from Ancient Greek σάγμα (ságma). Compare the doublet salma (corpse).

NounEdit

soma f (plural some)

  1. the load borne by a pack animal
  2. the measure of the capacity of a given animal to bear a load
  3. (poetic) a weight

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma).

NounEdit

soma m (plural somi)

  1. (medicine) soma

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatvianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Ceļasoma
 
Mugursoma

A borrowing from Old East Slavic сума (suma) (compare Russian сума́ (sumá)), itself borrowed (via Polish) from Old High German soum (burden) (compare German Saum), from Ancient Greek σάγμα (ságma) (whence also Latin sagma, sauma (burden saddle, burden)). The borrowing happened in the 13th century, when Old East Slavic у was still pronounced as [oː]. The word soma is first attested in 17th-century dictionaries with meanings such as “bread sack”, “bag”, “travel bag”.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

soma f (4th declension)

  1. bag, pack (fabric, leather, etc. object with straps or handles, used for carrying small objects, groceries, etc.)
    pasta somamail bag
    medību soma(hunting) game bag
    skolas somasatchel, school bag
    iepirkumu somashopping bag
    ceļa soma, ceļasomasuitcase (lit. travelling bag)
    rokas soma, rokassomapurse (lit. hand bag)
    mugursomabackpack, knapsack, rucksack
  2. (biology, anatomy) pouch (skin fold in marsupials to keep a newborn baby)
    ķengura somakangaroo pouch
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See soms.

NounEdit

soma m

  1. genitive singular form of soms

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “soma”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

PortugueseEdit

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
 
soma (1)

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin summa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

soma f (plural somas)

  1. (arithmetic) sum (quantity obtained by addition or aggregation)
  2. sum (quantity of money)

Etymology 2Edit

From New Latin, from Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma, body).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

soma m (plural somas)

  1. (anatomy, cytology) soma
 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Etymology 3Edit

From Sanskrit सोम (sóma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sauma, from Proto-Indo-European *sew(h)-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

soma m (plural somas)

  1. (religion) soma

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

soma

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of somar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of somar

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French sommer.

VerbEdit

a soma (third-person singular present somează, past participle somat1st conj.

  1. to summon

ConjugationEdit


Rwanda-RundiEdit

VerbEdit

soma

  1. to read

SwahiliEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of Bantu origin.

VerbEdit

-soma (infinitive kusoma)

  1. to read

ConjugationEdit

Conjugation of -soma
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kusoma kutosoma
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative soma someni
Habitual husoma
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilisoma
nalisoma
tulisoma
twalisoma
ulisoma
walisoma
mlisoma
mwalisoma
alisoma walisoma ulisoma ilisoma lilisoma yalisoma kilisoma vilisoma ilisoma zilisoma ulisoma kulisoma palisoma mulisoma
Relative niliosoma
naliosoma
tuliosoma
twaliosoma
uliosoma
waliosoma
mliosoma
mwaliosoma
aliosoma waliosoma uliosoma iliosoma liliosoma yaliosoma kiliosoma viliosoma iliosoma ziliosoma uliosoma kuliosoma paliosoma muliosoma
Negative sikusoma hatukusoma hukusoma hamkusoma hakusoma hawakusoma haukusoma haikusoma halikusoma hayakusoma hakikusoma havikusoma haikusoma hazikusoma haukusoma hakukusoma hapakusoma hamukusoma
Present
Positive ninasoma
nasoma
tunasoma unasoma mnasoma anasoma wanasoma unasoma inasoma linasoma yanasoma kinasoma vinasoma inasoma zinasoma unasoma kunasoma panasoma munasoma
Relative ninaosoma
naosoma
tunaosoma unaosoma mnaosoma anaosoma wanaosoma unaosoma inaosoma linaosoma yanaosoma kinaosoma vinaosoma inaosoma zinaosoma unaosoma kunaosoma panaosoma munaosoma
Negative sisomi hatusomi husomi hamsomi hasomi hawasomi hausomi haisomi halisomi hayasomi hakisomi havisomi haisomi hazisomi hausomi hakusomi hapasomi hamusomi
Future
Positive nitasoma tutasoma utasoma mtasoma atasoma watasoma utasoma itasoma litasoma yatasoma kitasoma vitasoma itasoma zitasoma utasoma kutasoma patasoma mutasoma
Relative nitakaosoma tutakaosoma utakaosoma mtakaosoma atakaosoma watakaosoma utakaosoma itakaosoma litakaosoma yatakaosoma kitakaosoma vitakaosoma itakaosoma zitakaosoma utakaosoma kutakaosoma patakaosoma mutakaosoma
Negative sitasoma hatutasoma hutasoma hamtasoma hatasoma hawatasoma hautasoma haitasoma halitasoma hayatasoma hakitasoma havitasoma haitasoma hazitasoma hautasoma hakutasoma hapatasoma hamutasoma
Subjunctive
Positive nisome tusome usome msome asome wasome usome isome lisome yasome kisome visome isome zisome usome kusome pasome musome
Negative nisisome tusisome usisome msisome asisome wasisome usisome isisome lisisome yasisome kisisome visisome isisome zisisome usisome kusisome pasisome musisome
Present Conditional
Positive ningesoma tungesoma ungesoma mngesoma angesoma wangesoma ungesoma ingesoma lingesoma yangesoma kingesoma vingesoma ingesoma zingesoma ungesoma kungesoma pangesoma mungesoma
Negative nisingesoma
singesoma
tusingesoma
hatungesoma
usingesoma
hungesoma
msingesoma
hamngesoma
asingesoma
hangesoma
wasingesoma
hawangesoma
usingesoma
haungesoma
isingesoma
haingesoma
lisingesoma
halingesoma
yasingesoma
hayangesoma
kisingesoma
hakingesoma
visingesoma
havingesoma
isingesoma
haingesoma
zisingesoma
hazingesoma
usingesoma
haungesoma
kusingesoma
hakungesoma
pasingesoma
hapangesoma
musingesoma
hamungesoma
Past Conditional
Positive ningalisoma tungalisoma ungalisoma mngalisoma angalisoma wangalisoma ungalisoma ingalisoma lingalisoma yangalisoma kingalisoma vingalisoma ingalisoma zingalisoma ungalisoma kungalisoma pangalisoma mungalisoma
Negative nisingalisoma
singalisoma
tusingalisoma
hatungalisoma
usingalisoma
hungalisoma
msingalisoma
hamngalisoma
asingalisoma
hangalisoma
wasingalisoma
hawangalisoma
usingalisoma
haungalisoma
isingalisoma
haingalisoma
lisingalisoma
halingalisoma
yasingalisoma
hayangalisoma
kisingalisoma
hakingalisoma
visingalisoma
havingalisoma
isingalisoma
haingalisoma
zisingalisoma
hazingalisoma
usingalisoma
haungalisoma
kusingalisoma
hakungalisoma
pasingalisoma
hapangalisoma
musingalisoma
hamungalisoma
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelisoma tungelisoma ungelisoma mngelisoma angelisoma wangelisoma ungelisoma ingelisoma lingelisoma yangelisoma kingelisoma vingelisoma ingelisoma zingelisoma ungelisoma kungelisoma pangelisoma mungelisoma
General Relative
Positive nisomao tusomao usomao msomao asomao wasomao usomao isomao lisomao yasomao kisomao visomao isomao zisomao usomao kusomao pasomao musomao
Negative nisiosoma tusiosoma usiosoma msiosoma asiosoma wasiosoma usiosoma isiosoma lisiosoma yasiosoma kisiosoma visiosoma isiosoma zisiosoma usiosoma kusiosoma pasiosoma musiosoma
Gnomic
Positive nasoma twasoma wasoma mwasoma asoma wasoma wasoma yasoma lasoma yasoma chasoma vyasoma yasoma zasoma wasoma kwasoma pasoma mwasoma
Perfect
Positive nimesoma tumesoma umesoma mmesoma amesoma wamesoma umesoma imesoma limesoma yamesoma kimesoma vimesoma imesoma zimesoma umesoma kumesoma pamesoma mumesoma
"Already"
Positive nimeshasoma tumeshasoma umeshasoma mmeshasoma ameshasoma wameshasoma umeshasoma imeshasoma limeshasoma yameshasoma kimeshasoma vimeshasoma imeshasoma zimeshasoma umeshasoma kumeshasoma pameshasoma mumeshasoma
"Not yet"
Negative sijasoma hatujasoma hujasoma hamjasoma hajasoma hawajasoma haujasoma haijasoma halijasoma hayajasoma hakijasoma havijasoma haijasoma hazijasoma haujasoma hakujasoma hapajasoma hamujasoma
"If/When"
Positive nikisoma tukisoma ukisoma mkisoma akisoma wakisoma ukisoma ikisoma likisoma yakisoma kikisoma vikisoma ikisoma zikisoma ukisoma kukisoma pakisoma mukisoma
"If not"
Negative nisiposoma tusiposoma usiposoma msiposoma asiposoma wasiposoma usiposoma isiposoma lisiposoma yasiposoma kisiposoma visiposoma isiposoma zisiposoma usiposoma kusiposoma pasiposoma musiposoma
Consecutive
Positive nikasoma tukasoma ukasoma mkasoma akasoma wakasoma ukasoma ikasoma likasoma yakasoma kikasoma vikasoma ikasoma zikasoma ukasoma kukasoma pakasoma mukasoma
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived termsEdit

soma
conditional someka
passive somwa
causative somasha
prepositional somea
passive causative someshwa

TurkishEdit

NounEdit

soma

  1. dative singular of som