तृण

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit तृण (tṛ́ṇa). Doublet of तिनका (tinkā).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

तृण (tŕṇm

  1. grass; blade of grass
    • विपन्नता के इस अथाह सागर में सोहाग ही वह तृण था, जिसे पकड़े हुए वह सागर को पार कर रही थी।
      vipannatā ke is athāh sāgar mẽ sohāg hī vah tŕṇ thā, jise pakṛe hue vah sāgar ko pār kar rahī thī.
      In the botomless sea of poverty, her married life was that blade of grass that she held on to while crossing over that sea.
  2. straw
    Synonym: तिनका (tinkā)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of तृण
Singular Plural
Direct तृण (tŕṇ) तृण (tŕṇ)
Oblique तृण (tŕṇ) तृणों (tŕṇõ)
Vocative तृण (tŕṇ) तृणो (tŕṇo)

SanskritEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *tŕ̥nam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *tŕ̥nam, from Proto-Indo-European *tr̥nós. Cognate with Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌽𐌿𐍃 (þaurnus), Old Norse þorn, Old Church Slavonic трънъ (trŭnŭ, thorn), Old English þorn (whence English thorn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

तृण (tṛ́ṇan

  1. grass, herb, any gramineous plant, blade of grass, straw (often symbolic of minuteness and worthlessness)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.161.11:
      उद्वत्स्वस्मा अकृणोतना तृणं निवत्स्वपः स्वपस्यया नरः ।
      अगोह्यस्य यदसस्तना गृहे तदद्येदमृभवो नानु गच्छथ ॥
      udvatsvasmā akṛṇotanā tṛṇaṃ nivatsvapaḥ svapasyayā naraḥ .
      agohyasya yadasastanā gṛhe tadadyedamṛbhavo nānu gacchatha .
      On the high places ye have made the grass for man, and water in the valleys, by your skill, O Men.
      Ṛbhus, ye iterate not to-day that act of yours, your sleeping in the house of him whom naught can hide.

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of तृण (tṛ́ṇa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तृणम्
tṛ́ṇam
तृणे
tṛ́ṇe
तृणानि / तृणा¹
tṛ́ṇāni / tṛ́ṇā¹
Vocative तृण
tṛ́ṇa
तृणे
tṛ́ṇe
तृणानि / तृणा¹
tṛ́ṇāni / tṛ́ṇā¹
Accusative तृणम्
tṛ́ṇam
तृणे
tṛ́ṇe
तृणानि / तृणा¹
tṛ́ṇāni / tṛ́ṇā¹
Instrumental तृणेन
tṛ́ṇena
तृणाभ्याम्
tṛ́ṇābhyām
तृणैः / तृणेभिः¹
tṛ́ṇaiḥ / tṛ́ṇebhiḥ¹
Dative तृणाय
tṛ́ṇāya
तृणाभ्याम्
tṛ́ṇābhyām
तृणेभ्यः
tṛ́ṇebhyaḥ
Ablative तृणात्
tṛ́ṇāt
तृणाभ्याम्
tṛ́ṇābhyām
तृणेभ्यः
tṛ́ṇebhyaḥ
Genitive तृणस्य
tṛ́ṇasya
तृणयोः
tṛ́ṇayoḥ
तृणानाम्
tṛ́ṇānām
Locative तृणे
tṛ́ṇe
तृणयोः
tṛ́ṇayoḥ
तृणेषु
tṛ́ṇeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Borrowed termsEdit

  • Hindi: तृण (tŕṇ)
  • Telugu: తృణము (tr̥ṇamu)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit