See also: युवा

Sanskrit

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Alternative scripts

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *yáwas (barley, cereal), from Proto-Indo-European *yéwos (barley, cereal).

Cognate with Avestan 𐬫𐬀𐬎𐬎𐬀 (yauua), Ancient Greek ζειά (zeiá), Old Irish eórna (whence Irish eorna (barley)), Lithuanian javaĩ, Persian جو (jow).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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यव (yáva) stemm

  1. barley
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.27.8:
      गावो यवं प्रयुता अर्यो अक्षन्ता अपश्यं सहगोपाश्चरन्तीः ।
      gā́vo yávam práyutā aryó akṣantā́ apaśyam sahágopāścárantīḥ.
      The freed kine eat the barley of the pious; I saw them as they wandered with the herdsman.
  2. grain, cereal
  3. name for island of Java, whence perhaps came the English "Java"
  4. a unit of measurement of weight or length

Declension

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Masculine a-stem declension of यव (yáva)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative यवः
yávaḥ
यवौ / यवा¹
yávau / yávā¹
यवाः / यवासः¹
yávāḥ / yávāsaḥ¹
Vocative यव
yáva
यवौ / यवा¹
yávau / yávā¹
यवाः / यवासः¹
yávāḥ / yávāsaḥ¹
Accusative यवम्
yávam
यवौ / यवा¹
yávau / yávā¹
यवान्
yávān
Instrumental यवेन
yávena
यवाभ्याम्
yávābhyām
यवैः / यवेभिः¹
yávaiḥ / yávebhiḥ¹
Dative यवाय
yávāya
यवाभ्याम्
yávābhyām
यवेभ्यः
yávebhyaḥ
Ablative यवात्
yávāt
यवाभ्याम्
yávābhyām
यवेभ्यः
yávebhyaḥ
Genitive यवस्य
yávasya
यवयोः
yávayoḥ
यवानाम्
yávānām
Locative यवे
yáve
यवयोः
yávayoḥ
यवेषु
yáveṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Further reading

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