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Borrowed from Sanskrit सेना (senā).


सेना (senāf (Urdu spelling سینا)

  1. army, military, body of troops
    शत्रु ने दोनों सेनाओं को हरा दिया।
    śatru ne donõ senāon ko harā diyā.
    The enemy defeated both the armies.
    Synonym: फ़ौज (fauj)


Derived termsEdit


  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “सेना”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons


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सेना (senāf

  1. army



From Proto-Indo-Aryan *sáynā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sáynā. Cognate with Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬁 (haēnā, hostile army), Old Persian 𐏃𐎡𐎴𐎠 (hainā, hostile army).

According to native grammarians, the sense "missile" is from the root सि (√si, to hurl, cast). Compare सायक (sā́yaka).


  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /s̪ɐ́j.n̪ɑː/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈs̪eː.n̪ɑː/
  • NounEdit

    सेना (sénāf

    1. an army, armament, battle-array, armed force (also personified as wife of Kārttikeya; at the end of a compound also सेन (sena)) (RV. etc.)
    2. missile, dart, spear (RV., AV.)
    3. name of Indra's wife (or his thunderbolt so personified) (TS., AitBr., Vait.)
    4. a small army (consisting of 3 elephants, 3 chariots, 9 horse, and 15 foot) (L.)
    5. any drilled troop or band or body of men (Bālar.)
    6. a kind of title or addition to the names of persons (also names of courtezans) (Sāh.; compare Pāṇ. 4-1, 152 etc.)
    7. name of a courtezan (abridged from कुबेरसेना (kubera-senā)) (HPariś.)
    8. name of the mother of शम्भव (śambhava) (the third arhat of the present avasarpiṇī) (L.)


    Feminine ā-stem declension of सेना
    Nom. sg. सेना (senā)
    Gen. sg. सेनायाः (senāyāḥ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative सेना (senā) सेने (sene) सेनाः (senāḥ)
    Vocative सेने (sene) सेने (sene) सेनाः (senāḥ)
    Accusative सेनाम् (senām) सेने (sene) सेनाः (senāḥ)
    Instrumental सेनया (senayā) सेनाभ्याम् (senābhyām) सेनाभिः (senābhiḥ)
    Dative सेनायै (senāyai) सेनाभ्याम् (senābhyām) सेनाभ्यः (senābhyaḥ)
    Ablative सेनायाः (senāyāḥ) सेनाभ्याम् (senābhyām) सेनाभ्यः (senābhyaḥ)
    Genitive सेनायाः (senāyāḥ) सेनयोः (senayoḥ) सेनानाम् (senānām)
    Locative सेनायाम् (senāyām) सेनयोः (senayoḥ) सेनासु (senāsu)


    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1246