See also: Band, bånd, bánd, and *band

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English band (also bond), from Old English beand, bænd, bend (bond, chain, fetter, band, ribbon, ornament, chaplet, crown), from Proto-Germanic *bandą, *bandiz (band, fetter), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (to tie, bind). Middle English band reinforced by Old French bande. Cognate with Dutch band, German Band, Danish bånd, Swedish band, Icelandic bandur (band). Related to bond, bind, bend.

NounEdit

band (plural bands)

  1. A strip of material used for strengthening or coupling.
    1. A strip of material wrapped around things to hold them together.
      • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 10, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
        The Jones man was looking at her hard. Now he reached into the hatch of his vest and fetched out a couple of cigars, everlasting big ones, with gilt bands on them.
    2. A narrow strip of cloth or other material on clothing, to bind, strengthen, or ornament it.
    3. A strip along the spine of a book where the pages are attached.
    4. A belt or strap that is part of a machine.
  2. A long strip of material, color, etc, that is different from the surrounding area.
    sandstone with bands of shale
  3. (architecture) A strip of decoration.
    1. A continuous tablet, stripe, or series of ornaments, as of carved foliage, of colour, or of brickwork.
    2. In Gothic architecture, the moulding, or suite of mouldings, which encircles the pillars and small shafts.
  4. That which serves as the means of union or connection between persons; a tie.
    • 1866, Herman Melville, Battle-Pieces and Aspects of the War[1], Supplement:
      For that heroic band—those children of the furnace who, in regions like Texas and Tennessee, maintained their fidelity through terrible trials—we of the North felt for them, and profoundly we honor them.
  5. A linen collar or ruff worn in the 16th and 17th centuries.
  6. (in the plural) Two strips of linen hanging from the neck in front as part of a clerical, legal, or academic dress.
    Hyponym: preaching band
  7. (physics) A part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
  8. (physics) A group of energy levels in a solid state material.
    valence band;  conduction band
  9. (obsolete) A bond.
    • 1595 December 9 (first known performance), William Shakespeare, “The life and death of King Richard the Second”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i], page 23, column 1:
      OLd Iohn of Gaunt, time-honoured Lancaſter,
      Haſt thou according to thy oath and band
      Brought hither Henry Herford thy bold ſon:
      Heere to make good yͤ boiſtrous late appeale,
      Which then our leyſure would not let vs heare,
      Againſt the Duke of Norfolke, Thomas Mowbray?
  10. (obsolete) Pledge; security.
  11. (especially US) A ring, such as a wedding ring (wedding band), or a ring put on a bird's leg to identify it.
  12. (sciences) Any distinguishing line formed by chromatography, electrophoresis etc
  13. (medicine) Short for band cell.
  14. (slang, hiphop, often in the plural) A wad of money totaling $1K, held together by a band; (by extension) money
    • 2014, “Trap Queen”, performed by Fetty Wap:
      She my trap queen, let her hit the bando / We be countin' up, watch how far them bands go
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Japanese: バンド (bando)
  • Korean: 밴드 (baendeu)
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

band (third-person singular simple present bands, present participle banding, simple past and past participle banded)

  1. (transitive) To fasten with a band.
    • 1837, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Ethel Churchill, volume 1, page 54:
      As he spake, his eyes rested on the graves below. "Yes," muttered the youth, "they are sufficient answer; they are indeed the end of all human hope."
      Mechanically he turned from one to another. Some were recently banded down with osiers, and the grass was varied with primrose roots; on some the foxglove grew luxuriantly, while others had a tombstone, carved with a name and a brief epitaph.
  2. (transitive, ornithology) To fasten an identifying band around the leg of (a bird).
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English band, from Old French bande, from Old Occitan banda (regiment of troops), perhaps from Frankish *bend, from Proto-Germanic *bandiz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (to tie; bond, band). Compare German Bande (band).

NounEdit

 
A music band

band (plural bands)

  1. A group of musicians who perform together as an ensemble, usually for a professional recording artist.
  2. A type of orchestra originally playing janissary music.
  3. A marching band.
  4. A group of people loosely united for a common purpose (a band of thieves).
    • 1883, Howard Pyle, The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood Chapter V
      But in the meantime Robin Hood and his band lived quietly in Sherwood Forest, without showing their faces abroad, for Robin knew that it would not be wise for him to be seen in the neighborhood of Nottingham, those in authority being very wroth with him.
    • 1900, L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Chapter 23
      "My third command to the Winged Monkeys," said Glinda, "shall be to carry you to your forest. Then, having used up the powers of the Golden Cap, I shall give it to the King of the Monkeys, that he and his band may thereafter be free for evermore."
  5. (anthropology) A small group of people living in a simple society, contrasted with tribes, chiefdoms, and states.
  6. (Canada) A group of aboriginals that has official recognition as an organized unit by the federal government of Canada.
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Cantonese: band (Chinglish)
  • German: Band (colloquial)
  • Japanese: バンド (bando)
  • Korean: 밴드 (baendeu)
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

band (third-person singular simple present bands, present participle banding, simple past and past participle banded)

  1. (intransitive) To group together for a common purpose; to confederate.
  2. (transitive, education) To group (students) together by perceived ability; to stream.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

band

  1. (obsolete) simple past tense and past participle of bind

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


ChineseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English band.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

band

  1. (Cantonese) band (group of musicians) (Classifier: )

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English band.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /baːnd/, [b̥æːnd̥]

NounEdit

band n (singular definite bandet, plural indefinite band or bands)

  1. band
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse bann (ban, curse).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

band n (singular definite bandet, not used in plural form)

  1. (rare) excommunication

Etymology 3Edit

From bande (swear, curse), from Old Norse banna (ban, curse).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

band c or n

  1. (rare) swear word

VerbEdit

band

  1. imperative of bande

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch bant. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

band m (plural banden, diminutive bandje n)

  1. bond, connection, liaison, tie (attachment, as in a relation)
  2. band (all English senses, above, except for group of musicians) (clarification of this definition is needed)
  3. ribbon or object of similar shape
    1. tire/tyre (e.g. a car tyre)
    2. tape (magnetic tape, video tape)
    3. belt (martial arts belt)
    4. belt (conveyor belt)
  4. (physics) interval relating to frequency or wavelength in electromagnetic phenomena
    1. range of energy levels in a solid state material
    2. interval in the light spectrum
  5. bank (the bank of a pool table)
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

band n (plural banden, diminutive bandje n)

  1. ribbon

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English band.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

band m (plural bands, diminutive bandje n)

  1. (music) band

FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse band.

NounEdit

band n (genitive singular bands, plural bond)

  1. (a piece of) rope, string
  2. (figuratively, in the plural) ties, connection, relations

DeclensionEdit

n8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative band bandið bond bondini
Accusative band bandið bond bondini
Dative bandi bandinum bondum bondunum
Genitive bands bandsins banda bandanna

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

band

  1. past of binden

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse band.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

band n (genitive singular bands, nominative plural bönd)

  1. (a piece of) string
  2. yarn
  3. (figuratively, in the plural) ties, connection, relations
  4. binding (of a book)
  5. (music) tie
  6. (music, slang) a musical band

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English bend, from Proto-Germanic *bandiz; vocalism is influenced by Old Norse band and Old French bande.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bɔːnd/, /baːnd/, /bɔnd/, /band/

NounEdit

band (plural bandes)

  1. That which obstructs one's free will and free action; a restraint.
    1. A chain or other object used to restrain a captive.
    2. Captivity; the condition of being jailed.
    3. A compact, directive or binding pact (either reciprocal or from one unto another)
  2. A strip of a material used to tie or bind; a band:
    1. A rope or piece of twine used to tie or bind.
    2. A headband (a band that surrounds the head)
    3. A metal band that surrounds an object in order to strengthen it.
    4. (anatomy, rare) A joint or sinew.
    5. (heraldry, rare) A diagonal stripe or band.
  3. (rare) A strip of a material not used to tie or bind.
  4. Something used to join or connect; a link.
    1. (figuratively) A metaphorical connection or linkage.
  5. A collection or group of bound items.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • bånd (see this word for common usage)

EtymologyEdit

From English band (in this sense)

NounEdit

band n (definite singular bandet, indefinite plural band, definite plural banda or bandene)

  1. (music) a band; group of (rock) musicians

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse band, akin to English bond.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

band n (definite singular bandet, indefinite plural band, definite plural banda)

  1. a tape
  2. a ribbon
  3. a band
  4. a bond
  5. a leash (for a dog)

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From English band (music)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

band n (definite singular bandet, indefinite plural band, definite plural banda)

  1. (music) a band

ReferencesEdit


Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *bandą.

NounEdit

band n (genitive bands, plural bǫnd)

  1. the act of binding or settling
    Antonym: lausn
    • lausn ok band allra vandamál
      the decision in all difficult cases
  2. band, cord
  3. (plural only) bonds, fetters
  4. (plural only) bond, confederacy
  5. (plural only, poetic) the gods
    • blóta bǫnd
      to worship the gods
    • at mun banda
      at the will of the gods

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • band in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English band, from Middle English band, from Old French bande, from Old Occitan banda, perhaps from Frankish *bend, from Proto-Germanic *bandiz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ-.

NounEdit

band m inan

  1. pop or jazz band playing mostly wind instruments
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

band f

  1. genitive plural of banda

Further readingEdit

  • band in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • band in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse band.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

band n

  1. band
    1. ribbon, tape, strip of material
    2. ensemble, orchestra, group of musicians
    3. gang, band of robbers
    4. (physics) part of radio spectrum
    5. (physics) group of energy levels
  2. a belt used for transporting material or objects between two places; conveyor belt
    Synonym: transportband
  3. caterpillar track; a belt or band fitted instead of wheels to off-road vehicles
    Synonym: larvfötter
  4. an audio tape or a video tape
  5. a cassette of audio or video tape
  6. a tie, a connection, a relation; from a person to another person or to a place

DeclensionEdit

Declension of band 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative band bandet band banden
Genitive bands bandets bands bandens

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From English band

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

band n

  1. (music) a band

DeclensionEdit

Declension of band 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative band bandet band banden
Genitive bands bandets bands bandens

VerbEdit

band

  1. past tense of binda.

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English band.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

band m (plural bandiau)

  1. band (group of musicians)
  2. band (strip of material)
  3. (physics) band

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
band fand mand unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “band”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies