English edit

 
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Etymology edit

From Middle English instrumental, instrumentale, from Medieval Latin īnstrūmentālis.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɪnstɹəˈmɛntəl/, /ɪnstɹʊˈmɛntəl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛntəl

Adjective edit

instrumental (comparative more instrumental, superlative most instrumental)

  1. Essential or central; of great importance or relevance.
    He was instrumental in conducting the business.
    • c. 1599–1602 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene ii]:
      The head is not more native to the heart, The hand more instrumental to the mouth
    • 2012, Christoper Zara, Tortured Artists: From Picasso and Monroe to Warhol and Winehouse, the Twisted Secrets of the World's Most Creative Minds, part 1, chapter 2, 51:
      Few songwriters have been as instrumental in creating the mold for American music.
    • 2020 July 29, Ian Prosser discusses with Paul Stephen, “Rail needs robust and strategic plans”, in Rail, page 40:
      [...] Prosser was instrumental in the decision in 2010 to recommence publication of an annual health and safety report, following a period when it had fallen into abeyance.
  2. Serving as an instrument, medium, means, or agency.
    • 1896, Charles M. Sheldon, chapter 12, in In His Steps:
      Maxwell started back to his study, feeling that kind of satisfaction which a man feels when he has been even partly instrumental in finding an unemployed person a remunerative position.
  3. (music) Pertaining to, made by, or prepared for an instrument, especially a musical instrument (rather than the human voice).
    instrumental music
    An instrumental part
  4. (grammar) Applied to a case expressing means or agency, generally indicated in English by by or with with the objective.
    the instrumental case

Antonyms edit

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Noun edit

instrumental (plural instrumentals)

  1. (grammar) The instrumental case.
  2. (music) A composition written or performed without lyrics or singing, using a lead instrument to replace vocals.
    • 1977, Stereo Review, volume 38, page 70:
      I recommend this album in the face of the fact that five of the eleven songs are the purest filler, dull instrumentals with a harmonica rifling over an indifferent rhythm section. The rest is magnificent []

Translations edit

Further reading edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin īnstrūmentālis.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

instrumental m or f (masculine and feminine plural instrumentals)

  1. instrumental

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Noun edit

instrumental m (uncountable)

  1. (grammar) instrumental
  2. (medicine) (set of) instruments

Further reading edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Late Latin īnstrūmentālis. By surface analysis, instrument +‎ -al.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

instrumental (feminine instrumentale, masculine plural instrumentaux, feminine plural instrumentales)

  1. instrumental

Noun edit

instrumental m (plural instrumentaux)

  1. (grammar) instrumental case, instrumental
    Coordinate terms: accusatif, génitif, locatif, nominatif, vocatif

Descendants edit

  • Turkish: enstrümantal

Further reading edit

German edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French instrumental. Equivalent to Instrument +‎ -al.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

instrumental (strong nominative masculine singular instrumentaler, not comparable)

  1. (music) instrumental
    Antonym: nichtinstrumental

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Dutch instrumentaal, from French instrumental, from Medieval Latin īnstrūmentālis.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɪn.stru.ˈmɛn.tal/
  • Rhymes: -tal
  • Hyphenation: in‧stru‧men‧tal

Adjective edit

instrumental

  1. instrumental:
    1. (music) pertaining to, made by, or prepared for an instrument, especially a musical instrument (rather than the human voice).
    2. (linguistics) applied to a case expressing means or agency.

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Medieval Latin instrumentalis; equivalent to instrument +‎ -al.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /inˌstrumɛnˈtaːl/, /inˈstrumɛntal/, /instruˈmɛntal/

Adjective edit

instrumental (rare)

  1. Resembling an instrument in role; instrumental (serving as a means)
  2. Resembling an instrument in use (i.e. being used as a tool)
  3. Resembling a (specific kind of) instrument in appearance.

Descendants edit

References edit

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 
 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ĩʃ.tɾu.mẽˈtal/ [ĩʃ.tɾu.mẽˈtaɫ]
    • (Southern Portugal) IPA(key): /ĩʃ.tɾu.mẽˈta.li/

  • Rhymes: -al, -aw
  • Hyphenation: ins‧tru‧men‧tal

Adjective edit

instrumental m or f (plural instrumentais, sometimes comparable)

  1. (comparable) instrumental (acting as an instrument)
  2. (music, not comparable) instrumental (having no singing)
  3. (grammar, not comparable) instrumental (pertaining to the instrumental case)

Derived terms edit

Noun edit

instrumental m (plural instrumentais)

  1. (uncountable, grammar) instrumental (grammatical case)
  2. (countable, music) instrumental (composition without singing)

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French instrumental. By surface analysis, instrument +‎ -al.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˌin.stru.menˈtal/

Adjective edit

instrumental m or n (feminine singular instrumentală, masculine plural instrumentali, feminine and neuter plural instrumentale)

  1. instrumental

Declension edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

ȉnstrumentāl m (Cyrillic spelling и̏нструмента̄л)

  1. (grammar) the instrumental case
  2. (music) a composition made for instruments only or a (version of some) song in which only the instruments are heard

Declension edit

Slovene edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /íːnstrumɛntal/, /instrumɛntáːl/

Noun edit

ȋnstrumental or instrumentȃl m inan

  1. (grammar) instrumental case
    Synonym: orodnik
  2. (music) instrumental music

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading edit

  • instrumental”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /instɾumenˈtal/ [ĩns.t̪ɾu.mẽn̪ˈt̪al]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: ins‧tru‧men‧tal

Adjective edit

instrumental m or f (masculine and feminine plural instrumentales)

  1. instrumental

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit