See also: αριθμός

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂rey-. Cognates include Old Irish rím, Old English rīm (English rhyme), and perhaps Latin rītus. Also compare νήριτος ‎(nḗritos, countless).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ἀρῐθμός ‎(arithmósm ‎(genitive ἀριθμοῦ); second declension

  1. number
    1. amount, sum
    2. term in a series
    3. number, account, rank
    4. quantity (opposite quality)
  2. numbering, counting
  3. arithmetic
  4. (philosophy) abstract number
  5. (grammar) number
  6. numeral
  7. unknown quantity
  8. (rhetoric) rhythm
  9. the sum of the numerical values of the letters of a name
  10. military unit (=Latin numerus)
  11. (astrology, chiefly in the plural) degrees moved traversed in a given time
  12. (medicine) precise condition

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill
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