Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *h₁én, cognate with Latin in, Old Armenian ի (i), English in.



The final nasal assimilated to a following stop or nasal, so that the word was pronounced as if it were spelled ἐμ /em/ if the next word began in a labial β, μ, π, φ, ψ, or ἐγ [eŋ] if the next word began in a velar γ, κ, ξ, χ.


ἐν (en)

  1. (location) in, on, at; (with plural) among
    1. (elliptical, with genitive) in the house or the land of
    2. surrounded by; wearing
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 15.192
        Ζεὺς δ᾽ ἔλαχ᾽ οὐρανὸν εὐρὺν ἐν αἰθέρι καὶ νεφέλῃσι
        [Poseidon answering Iris:]
        and Zeus got the wide heaven surrounded by clear air and clouds
      • Her., 2 159
        ἐν τῇ δὲ ἐσθῆτι ἔτυχε ταῦτα κατεργασάμενος, ἀνέθηκε τῷ Ἀπόλλωνι πέμψας ἐς Βραγχίδας τὰς Μιλησίων.
        The clothes that he happened to be wearing when he achieved this, Necos dedicated to Apollo and sent to the Branchidae of Miletos.
  2. (time) in, at, or during the time of



ἐν in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press