Ancient Greek edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

PIE word

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁én, cognate with Latin in, Old Armenian ի (i), English in.

The dative is from the PIE locative. The genitive is an innovated Greek associative. The accusative is from the pre-PIE directional.

Pronunciation edit


The final nasal assimilated to a following stop or nasal, so that the word was pronounced as if it were spelled ἐμ /em/ if the next word began in a labial (β, μ, π, φ, ψ), or ἐγ [eŋ] if the next word began in a velar (γ, κ, ξ, χ).

Preposition edit

ἐν (en) (governs the dative, genitive, and accusative)

  1. (location) (with dative) in, on, at; (with dative plural) among
    1. (elliptical, with genitive) in the house or the land of
    2. surrounded by; wearing
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 15.192:
        Ζεὺς δ’ ἔλαχ’ οὐρανὸν εὐρὺν ἐν αἰθέρι καὶ νεφέλῃσι
        Zeùs d’ élakh’ ouranòn eurùn en aithéri kaì nephélēisi
        [Poseidon answering Iris:]
        and Zeus got the wide heaven surrounded by clear air and clouds
      • Her., 2 159:
        ἐν τῇ δὲ ἐσθῆτι ἔτυχε ταῦτα κατεργασάμενος, ἀνέθηκε τῷ Ἀπόλλωνι πέμψας ἐς Βραγχίδας τὰς Μιλησίων.
        en têiesthêti étukhe taûta katergasámenos, anéthēke tôi Apóllōni pémpsas es Brankhídas tàs Milēsíōn.
        The clothes that he happened to be wearing when he achieved this, Necos dedicated to Apollo and sent to the Branchidae of Miletos.
  2. (time) in, at, or during the time of

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Greek: εν (en)

Further reading edit

Greek edit

Adverb edit

ἐν (en)

  1. Polytonic spelling of εν (en, in)