See also: [U+207B SUPERSCRIPT MINUS], - [U+002D HYPHEN-MINUS], [U+2010 HYPHEN], [U+2013 EN DASH], [U+2014 EM DASH], [U+30FC KATAKANA-HIRAGANA PROLONGED SOUND MARK], and [U+4E00 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E00]

U+2212, −
MINUS SIGN

[U+2211]
Mathematical Operators
[U+2213]
U+207B, ⁻
SUPERSCRIPT MINUS

[U+207A]
Superscripts and Subscripts
[U+207C]
U+208B, ₋
SUBSCRIPT MINUS

[U+208A]
Superscripts and Subscripts
[U+208C]
U+2796, ➖
HEAVY MINUS SIGN

[U+2795]
Dingbats
[U+2797]

Translingual

edit
Presentations of ➖︎
Text
style
Emoji
style
➖︎ ➖️
Note: Character's appearance
may be different on each system.
Text style is forced with ︎
and emoji style with ️

Glyph origin

edit

There are many theories regarding the origin of the minus sign. According to one theory, it originates from a handwriting form of the letter m (for minus) that came to resemble a horizontal bar,[1] Another theory traces it back to a hieratic sign.

Symbol

edit

(English symbol name minus sign)

  1. (mathematics) subtraction
    8 − 3 = 5
  2. (mathematics) negative sign. "negative", "minus", "the opposite of"
    • Aldrichimica Acta Volume 30 No 4 (pdf) from Sigma-Aldrich
      Decomposition of 4 in the presence of cis-piperylene at room temperature results in the stereocontrolled formation of trans-cycloheptadiene 27 in 90% ee (96% ee at -78 °C).
    −(−5) = 5
  3. (informal, slang) Less than, or “or less”.
    13-
    less than 13 (years old)
  4. (mathematics) Relative complement. "minus", "without".
    {1,2,4} − {1,3,4} = {2}
  5. (mathematics) from the negative side
      is the same as  
  6. (medicine) rejective result from laboratory test
  7. (electricity) cathode

Quotations

edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:−.

Synonyms

edit
  • (non-Anglophone countries) ÷
  • (relative complement):

Antonyms

edit
  • (antonym(s) of all except relative complement): +
edit
  • - (hyphen-minus)

References

edit
  1. ^ Wright, D. Franklin, New, Bill D. (2000) Intermediate Algebra, 4th edition, Thomson Learning, page 1