See also: , [U+2013 EN DASH], - [U+002D HYPHEN-MINUS], [U+2212 MINUS SIGN], [U+2014 EM DASH], [U+30FC KATAKANA-HIRAGANA PROLONGED SOUND MARK], [U+4E28 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E28], [U+3127 BOPOMOFO LETTER I], and [U+4EA0 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EA0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
一-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +0, 1 stroke, cangjie input 一 (M), four-corner 10000)

  1. Kangxi radical №1
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №1

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 75, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1
  • Dae Jaweon: page 129, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 1, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E00

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
一-oracle.svg 一-bronze.svg 一-silk.svg 一-bigseal.svg 一-seal.svg

A horizontal stroke, indicating the number one.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔit. Descendants from the *ʔit etymon account for the majority of the dialectal forms for ONE in Chinese (Mandarin, Jin, Gan, Hakka, Hui, Xiang, Yue groups, etc.).

In Min, an additional unrelated form is found and used as the colloquial reading for ONE. Compare:

Fuzhou/Fuding suoʔ8, Fuqing θyo8, Gutian syøʔ8, Ningde søʔ8, Zhouning sɔʔ8, Putian ɬoʔ8, Xiamen/Quanzhou/Yongchun/Zhangzhou tsit̚8, Leizhou/Haikou ziak8, Longyan tse4, Youxiu ɕie7, Jian'ou/Songxi tsi5, Jianyang tsi8, Jian'ou tsi5.

Whether all of the forms above are related and their origins remain unelucidated; they may be derived from (cf. ‎(single, alone)), (< *tjak ~ g-t(j)ik) or .

Some Min Zhong dialects use and for ONE.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (48)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔiɪt̚/ /ʔit̚/ /ʔjet̚/ /ʔit̚/ /ʔiĕt̚/ /ĭĕt̚/ /ʔi̯ĕt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjit › /*ʔi[t]/ one

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14833 2 /*qliɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. one (numeral, adjective and noun)
    • /   ―  cháng duǎn  ―  one short and one long
  2. each
  3. single, alone
  4. whole entire, all, throughout
  5. same, identical
    • 大小  ―  dàxiǎo bù   ―  having different sizes
  6. (literary) another
    • 蟋蟀促織 / 蟋蟀促织  ―  xīshuài, míng cùzhī  ―  Crickets, also called cùzhī [lit. another name [being] cùzhī].
  7. With the verb modified reduplicated, expressing the transience of the verb.
    1. Indicating that the action has occurred only once.
      •   ―  kàn kàn  ―  to have a look
    2. Indicating the intention to try.
      •   ―  suàn suàn  ―  to try to calculate it
  8. once; as soon as; upon
  9. (literary) for the first time, at the beginning
  10. (literary) surprisingly, unexpectedly

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

CompoundsEdit

Appendix:Chinese compounds/一

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. one
  2. "one" radical (いち)

Alternative formsEdit

  • (financial or formal)

ReadingsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Sinitic , from Old Chinese *?yit.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

  1. one, 1
  2. the beginning
  3. unity

NumeralEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal :

‎(hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

  1. (cardinal) one, 1
IdiomsEdit
  • からやり直す
    いちからやりなおす
    ichi kara yarinaosu
    start over from scratch
  • からまで
    いちからじゅうまで
    ichi karamade
    (literally. from one to ten)
    all, without exception; from A to Z
  • 一か八か
    いちかばちか
    ichi ka bachi ka
    it's a gamble; sink or swim
  • 一もにも無く
    いちもにもなく
    ichi mo ni mo naku
    unhesitatingly

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana いつ, romaji itsu)

  1. one

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Japanese.

/hito2/: [pitə] > [ɸitə] > [ɸito] > [çito]

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

‎(hiragana ひと, romaji hito)

  1. (cardinal) one

Etymology 4Edit

From 始め ‎(hajime, beginning, first), stem noun form of verb 始める ‎(hajimeru, to begin something). The use of the kanji for the reading hajime is an example of 熟字訓 ‎(jukujikun).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana はじめ, romaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(il)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
  • Name (hangeul): 하나, 한 (revised: han, McCune-Reischauer: han, Yale: han)
  1. one

NumeralEdit

‎(il) ‎(hangeul )

  1. (cardinal) one

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhất, nhắt, nhật, nhứt, chí, chiêu, chinh)

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ReferencesEdit

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