See also: [U+2010 HYPHEN], [U+2013 EN DASH], - [U+002D HYPHEN-MINUS], [U+2212 MINUS SIGN], [U+2014 EM DASH], [U+30FC KATAKANA-HIRAGANA PROLONGED SOUND MARK], [U+31D0 CJK STROKE H], [U+4E28 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E28], [U+3127 BOPOMOFO LETTER I], [U+31AA BOPOMOFO LETTER INN], [U+3161 HANGUL LETTER EU], and [U+4EA0 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EA0]

U+4E00, 一
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E00
䷿
[U+4DFF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E01]
U+2F00, ⼀
KANGXI RADICAL ONE
[unassigned: U+2EF4–U+2EFF]

[U+2EF3]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F01]
U+3220, ㈠
PARENTHESIZED IDEOGRAPH ONE
[unassigned: U+321F]

[U+321E]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3221]
U+3280, ㊀
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH ONE

[U+327F]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3281]
Commons:Category
Commons:Category
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Translingual

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Stroke order (Sans-serif)
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative forms

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Han character

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Stroke order
 

(Kangxi radical 1, +0, 1 stroke, cangjie input (M), four-corner 10000)

  1. Kangxi radical #1, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №1

Derived characters

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Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 75, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1
  • Dae Jaweon: page 129, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 1, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E00

Further reading

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Chinese Wikisource has digitized text of the Kangxi Dictionary entry for :
[[wikisource:zh:康熙字典/一部/一畫#一|一部/一畫]]

Wikisource

Chinese

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Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Classical)

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Hanjian (compiled in Song) Guwen Sishengyun (compiled in Song) Jizhuan Guwen Yunhai (compiled in Song) Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Libian (compiled in Qing) Tang Stone Classics Kangxi Dictionary (compiled in Qing)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts Transcribed ancient scripts Transcribed ancient scripts Transcribed ancient scripts Clerical script Regular script Ming typeface
                                 



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogram (指事) : a horizontal stroke, indicating the number one.

Etymology 1

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms financial
ancient
𠤪
𭍶

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔit. Descendants from the *ʔit etymon account for the majority of the dialectal forms for “one” in Chinese (Mandarin, Jin, Gan, Hakka, Hui, Xiang, Yue, Wu groups, etc.).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • Subject to retrograde tone sandhi (see Wikipedia for details):
    • before fourth tone, pronounced with second tone;
    • before any other tone, pronounced with fourth tone;
    • when final (or at the end of a multi-syllable word), pronounced with the original tone (first tone);
    • when used in a series of numbers, as a part of a number, in dates, or in addresses, pronounced with the original tone (first tone).
  • When used between two reduplicated words, it may be pronounced with neutral tone.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /i⁵⁵/
Harbin /i⁴⁴/
Tianjin
Jinan /i²¹³/
Qingdao /i⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /i²⁴/
Xi'an /i²¹/
Xining /i⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /i¹³/
Lanzhou /i¹³/
Ürümqi /i²¹³/
Wuhan /i²¹³/
Chengdu /i²¹/
Guiyang /i²¹/
Kunming /i⁴²/
Nanjing /iʔ⁵/
Hefei /ieʔ⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ieʔ²/
Pingyao
Hohhot /iəʔ³⁴/
Wu Shanghai /iɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /iɪʔ⁴/
Hangzhou /iɪʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /iai³²³/
/i³²³/
Hui Shexian /i³³/
Tunxi /iʔ⁵⁵/
Xiang Changsha /i²⁴/
Xiangtan /i²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /it̚⁵/
Hakka Meixian /it̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /iət̚⁵/
Hong Kong /iɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /it̚³²/
/tsit̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /eiʔ²³/
/suɔʔ⁴/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /i²⁴/
/tsi⁴²/
Shantou (Teochew) /ik̚²/
Haikou (Hainanese)

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter 'jit
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔit̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jat1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjit ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔi[t]/
English one

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14833
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qliɡ/

Definitions

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  1. one
      ―  cháng duǎn  ―  one short and one long
      ―  shāng  ―  one dead, one injured
      ―  gāo   ―  one high and one low
      ―  tiān   ―  one day and one night
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 jat6 jat1 je6 [Jyutping]  ―  one day and one night
      ―  zuǒ yòu  ―  one left, one right
  2. each; every
    蘋果 [MSC, trad.]
    苹果 [MSC, simp.]
    Gěi tā men rén yī kē píngguǒ. [Pinyin]
    Give them an apple each.
  3. single; alone
    獨自独自  ―  dúzì rén  ―  a solitary person, one person
      ―  zhuān  ―  single-minded, monogamous
  4. whole; entire; all: throughout
    他們海灘下午 [MSC, trad.]
    他们海滩下午 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen zài hǎitān shàng wán le xiàwǔ. [Pinyin]
    They played the whole afternoon on the beach.
    垃圾 [Cantonese, trad.]
    垃圾 [Cantonese, simp.]
    laap6 saap3 jat1 dei6 dou1 hai6. [Jyutping]
    There's rubbish throughout the floor.
  5. same; identical
    大小  ―  dàxiǎo bù  ―  not having the same size
    大細大细 [Cantonese]  ―  daai6 sai3 bat1 jat1 [Jyutping]  ―  not having the same size
  6. (Classical) another; alternative
    蟋蟀促織 [MSC, trad.]
    蟋蟀促织 [MSC, simp.]
    Xīshuài, míng cùzhī. [Pinyin]
    Crickets, also called rushing weavers [lit. another name [being] rushing weavers].
  7. (formal) certain aforementioned
    旋律 [MSC, trad.]
    旋律 [MSC, simp.]
    “xuánlǜ” cí zhōng de “xuán” zì [Pinyin]
    the character within the word 旋律 (xuánlǜ)
  8. With the verb modified reduplicated, expressing the transience of the verb:
    1. Indicating that the action has occurred only once
        ―  kàn kàn  ―  to have a look
      [Cantonese]  ―  mong6 jat1 mong6 [Jyutping]  ―  to have a look
    2. Indicating the intention to try
        ―  suàn suàn  ―  to try to calculate it
      [Cantonese]  ―  gai3 jat1 gai3 [Jyutping]  ―  to try to calculate it
  9. once; as soon as; upon
    講曹操,曹操就到 [Cantonese, trad.]
    讲曹操,曹操就到 [Cantonese, simp.]
    jat1 gong2 cou4 cou1 ,cou4 cou1 zau6 dou3 [Jyutping]
    speak of the devil and he shall appear
    OP  ―  dào OP jiù kǎ.  ―  It slows down once I get to the opening.
    照片立即成為眾人矚目焦點 [MSC, trad.]
    照片立即成为众人瞩目焦点 [MSC, simp.]
    pāi le zhàopiàn, tā jiù lìjí chéngwèi zhòngrén zhǔmù de jiāodiǎn. [Pinyin]
    As soon as I took a picture, she ran towards the limelight.
  10. for the first time; at the beginning
    見如故见如故  ―  jiànrúgù  ―  to hit it off
  11. surprisingly; unexpectedly
    至於此至于此  ―  zhìyúcǐ  ―  How did things ever get so far?
  12. (gay slang) top
      ―  hào  ―  a top
  13. (Cantonese, cant, euphemistic) to die
  14. (Xiamen Hokkien) extremely; very; highly
Usage notes
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Synonyms
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  • (extremely):
Alternative forms
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  • (top): 1
See also
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Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 106 108 1012
Normal
(小寫小写)
, , , , ,
十千 (Malaysia, Singapore)
百萬百万,
(Philippines),
面桶 (Philippines)
亿 (Taiwan)
萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
Financial
(大寫大写)

Quotations

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For quotations using this term, see Citations:一.

Compounds

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