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See also: , [U+2013 EN DASH], - [U+002D HYPHEN-MINUS], [U+2212 MINUS SIGN], [U+2014 EM DASH], [U+30FC KATAKANA-HIRAGANA PROLONGED SOUND MARK], [U+4E28 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E28], [U+3127 BOPOMOFO LETTER I], [U+31AA BOPOMOFO LETTER INN], and [U+4EA0 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EA0]
U+4E00, 一
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E00
䷿
[U+4DFF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E01]
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Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
 

(radical 1, +0, 1 stroke, cangjie input 一 (M), four-corner 10000)

  1. Kangxi radical #1, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №1

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

Chinese Wikisource has digitized text of the Kangxi Dictionary entry for :

Wikisource

  • KangXi: page 75, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1
  • Dae Jaweon: page 129, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 1, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E00

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms financial

𠤪
 
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
                   





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qliɡ
*qliɡ

A horizontal stroke, indicating the number “one”.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔit. Descendants from the *ʔit etymon account for the majority of the dialectal forms for “one” in Chinese (Mandarin, Jin, Gan, Hakka, Hui, Xiang, Yue, Wu groups, etc.).

In Min, an additional unrelated form is found and used as the colloquial reading for “one”. Compare:

Fuzhou/Fuding suoʔ8, Fuqing θyo8, Gutian syøʔ8, Ningde søʔ8, Zhouning sɔʔ8, Putian ɬoʔ8, Xiamen/Quanzhou/Yongchun/Zhangzhou tsit̚8, Leizhou/Haikou ziak8, Longyan tse4, Youxi ɕie7, Jian'ou/Songxi tsi5, Jianyang tsi8.

Whether all of the forms above are related and their origins remain unelucidated; they may be derived from (cf. (single, alone)), (< *tjak ~ g-t(j)ik) or .

Some Fujian dialects use and for “one”.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Subject to retrograde tone sandhi (see Wikipedia for details):
    • before fourth tone, pronounced with second tone;
    • before any other tone, pronounced with fourth tone;
    • when final (or at the end of a multi-syllable word), pronounced with the original tone (first tone);
    • when used in a series of numbers, as a part of a number, in dates, or in addresses, pronounced with the original tone (first tone).
  • When used between two reduplicated words, it may be pronounced with neutral tone.
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • cì - colloquial;
    • ĭ - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • siŏh - colloquial;
    • ék - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chi̍t - colloquial;
    • it - literary.
    Note:
    • zêg8 - colloquial;
    • ig4, êg4 - literary (ig4 - other places, êg4 - Jieyang).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (48)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔiɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔjet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔi[t]/
    English one

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14833
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qliɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. one
      /   ―  cháng duǎn  ―  one short and one long
      /   ―  shāng  ―  one dead, one injured
        ―  gāo   ―  one high and one low
        ―  tiān   ―  one day and one night
        ―  zuǒ yòu  ―  one left, one right
    2. each; every
      蘋果 [MSC, trad.]
      苹果 [MSC, simp.]
      Gěi tā men rén yī kē píngguǒ. [Pinyin]
      Give them an apple each.
    3. single; alone
      獨自 / 独自  ―  dúzì rén  ―  solitary
      /   ―  zhuān  ―  single-minded, monogamous
    4. whole; entire; all: throughout
      他們海灘下午 [MSC, trad.]
      他们海滩下午 [MSC, simp.]
      Tāmen zài hǎitān shàng wán le xiàwǔ. [Pinyin]
      They played the whole afternoon on the beach.
    5. same; identical
      大小  ―  dàxiǎo bù   ―  not having the same size
    6. (Classical Chinese) another; alternative
      蟋蟀促織 / 蟋蟀促织  ―  xīshuài, míng cùzhī  ―  Crickets, also called cùzhī [lit. another name [being] cùzhī].
    7. With the verb modified reduplicated, expressing the transience of the verb:
      1. Indicating that the action has occurred only once
          ―  kàn kàn  ―  to have a look
      2. Indicating the intention to try
          ―  suàn suàn  ―  to try to calculate it
    8. once; as soon as; upon
      OP  ―  dào OP jiù kǎ  ―  it slows down once I get to the opening
    9. for the first time; at the beginning
      見如故 / 见如故 [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gin3 jyu4 gu3 [Jyutping]  ―  to hit it off
    10. surprisingly; unexpectedly
      至於此 / 至于此 [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 zi3 jyu1 ci2 [Jyutping]  ―  How did things ever get so far?
    11. (LGBT, slang) a top
      /   ―  hào  ―  a top
      alt. forms: 1

    Usage notesEdit

    Such is grammatically different from other tone sandhis of ; it is used in the structure + nominal when in places where it can be replaced with 一個一个 (yī gè), from which it was reduced.

    See alsoEdit

    Chinese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Others:

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Japanese cardinal numbers
     <  0 1 2  > 
        Cardinal :
    Kanji in this term
    いち
    Grade: 1
    goon

    /itɨ//it͡sɨ//it͡ɕɨ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔiɪt̚).

    The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial borrowing from Middle Chinese.

    Alternative formsEdit

    • (financial/formal form) ,
    • (ancient form) 𪩩

    PronunciationEdit

    NumeralEdit

    (hiragana いち, rōmaji ichi)

    1. one, 1
    Derived termsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana いち, rōmaji ichi)

    1. one, 1
    2. term relating to the number one:
      1. the first in order, foremost
      2. the beginning
      3. the best
      4. a kind of; one of something
      5. (card games) an ace
    3. unity
    4. the bottom string of a shamisen or other Japanese musical instrument
    Derived termsEdit
    IdiomsEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana いち, rōmaji ichi)

    1. one, 1
    2. first, foremost
    3. once
    4. best, number one
    5. bunch, bundle
    6. entirely, wholly
    7. certain one
    8. merely, only
    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana いち, rōmaji Ichi)

    1. a surname

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    いつ
    Grade: 1
    kan’on

    /itʉ//it͡sʉ//it͡su/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔiɪt̚).

    The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana いつ, rōmaji itsu)

    1. one
    2. the same
    Derived termsEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana いつ, rōmaji itsu)

    1. one, 1
    2. first, foremost
    3. group
    4. entirely, wholly
    5. other
    6. merely, only
    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana いつ, rōmaji Itsu)

    1. a female given name

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ひと
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨pi1to2 → */pʲitə//ɸito//hito/

    From Old Japanese.

    Possibly an apophonic form of (futa, two). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    PronunciationEdit

    NumeralEdit

    (hiragana ひと, rōmaji hito)

    1. one, 1
    Derived termsEdit

    PrefixEdit

    (hiragana ひと, rōmaji hito-)

    1. one, single
    2. all
    3. a bit
    4. a certain time
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    Shortening of hito above.

    PronunciationEdit

    NumeralEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji hi)

    1. one, 1

    Etymology 5Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ひい
    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    Long-pronounced form of hi above.

    PronunciationEdit

    NumeralEdit

    (hiragana ひい, rōmaji )

    1. one, 1

    Etymology 6Edit

    Kanji in this term
    いい
    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    Borrowing from Mandarin ().

    PronunciationEdit

    NumeralEdit

    (katakana イー, rōmaji ī)

    1. one, 1
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 7Edit

    Kanji in this term
    はじめ
    Grade: 1
    nanori

    From 始め (hajime, beginning, first), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 始める (hajimeru, to begin something).

    The use of the kanji for "one" is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

    PronunciationEdit

    • (Irregular reading)

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana はじめ, rōmaji Hajime)

    1. a unisex given name
    2. a surname

    Coordinate termsEdit

    Japanese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
    Regular  (れい) (rei)
     (ゼロ) (zero)
     (いち) (ichi)  () (ni)  (さん) (san)  (よん) (yon)
     () (shi)
     () (go)  (ろく) (roku)  (なな) (nana)
     (しち) (shichi)
     (はち) (hachi)  (きゅう) (kyū)
     () (ku)
     (じゅう) ()
    Formal  (いち) (ichi)  () (ni)  (さん) (san)  (じゅう) ()
    90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
    Regular  (きゅう) (じゅう) (kyūjū)  (ひゃく) (hyaku)
     (いっ) (ぴゃく) (ippyaku)
     (さん) (びゃく) (sanbyaku)  (ろっ) (ぴゃく) (roppyaku)  (はっ) (ぴゃく) (happyaku)  (せん) (sen)
     (いっ) (せん) (issen)
     (さん) (ぜん) (sanzen)  (はっ) (せん) (hassen)  (いち) (まん) (ichiman)  (いち) (おく) (ichioku)
    Formal  (いち) (まん) (ichiman)
    1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
     (いっ) (ちょう) (itchō)  (はっ) (ちょう) (hatchō)  (じゅっ) (ちょう) (jutchō)  (いっ) (けい) (ikkei)  (ろっ) (けい) (rokkei)  (はっ) (けい) (hakkei)  (じゅっ) (けい) (jukkei)  (ひゃっ) (けい) (hyakkei)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔiɪt̚). Attested in the Hunmong jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527, as Middle Korean 일〮 (Yale: il).

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 하나 (hana il))

    1. Hanja form? of (one).

    CompoundsEdit

    NumeralEdit

    Lua error: not enough memory

    1. Lua error: not enough memory one

    ReferencesEdit

    • Lua error: not enough memory (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, Lua error: not enough memory. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    Lua error: not enough memory

    1. Hán tự form of Lua error: not enough memory.
    2. Nôm form of Lua error: not enough memory.
    3. Nôm form of Lua error: not enough memory.

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit