See also: , [U+2013 EN DASH], - [U+002D HYPHEN-MINUS], [U+2212 MINUS SIGN], [U+2014 EM DASH], [U+30FC KATAKANA-HIRAGANA PROLONGED SOUND MARK], and [U+4E28 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E28]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
一-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
一-oracle.svg 一-bronze.svg 一-bigseal.svg 一-seal.svg

A horizontal stroke, indicating the number one.

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +0, 1 stroke, cangjie input 一 (M), four-corner 10000)

  1. Kangxi radical №1
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №1

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 75, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1
  • Dae Jaweon: page 129, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 1, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E00

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (banker's numerals) ,
  • (Min Nan) (chi̍t)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔit.

The Min Nan reading of chi̍t may be etymologically unrelated to the other readings, but is used for generally the same purposes.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (一), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 於悉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiɪt̚/ /ʔi̯ĕt̚/ /ʔiĕt̚/ /ʔit̚/ /ʔit̚/ /ĭĕt̚/ /ʔjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjit › /*ʔi[t]/ one

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14833 2 /*qliɡ/

NumeralEdit

  1. one

SynonymsEdit

  • one when spelling phone number, one on dice or dominoes

Usage notesEdit

  • Normally pronounced with the second tone (yí) before a fourth-tone syllable, and with the fourth tone (yì) before a first-, second-, or third-tone syllable.
  • Often pronounced yāo () when giving a sequence of digits such as a telephone number.

See alsoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

  1. one
    /   ―  cháng duǎn  ―  one short and one long
  2. each
    蘋果 [MSC, trad.]
    苹果 [MSC, simp.]
    Gěi tā men rén yī zhǐ píngguǒ. [Pinyin]
    Give them an apple each.
  3. single, alone
    獨自 / 独自  ―  dúzìrén  ―  solitary
    /   ―  zhuān  ―  single-minded, loyal
  4. whole entire, all, throughout
    他們海灘下午 [MSC, trad.]
    他们海滩下午 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen zài hǎitān shàng wán le xiàwǔ. [Pinyin]
    They played the whole afternoon on the beach.
  5. same, identical
    大小  ―  dàxiǎo bù   ―  having different sizes
  6. (literary) another
    蟋蟀促織 [MSC, trad.]
    蟋蟀促织 [MSC, simp.]
    xīshuài, míng cùzhī [Pinyin]
    Crickets, also called cùzhī (lit. another name [being] cùzhī)

AdverbEdit

  1. With the verb modified reduplicated, expressing the transience of the verb
    1. Indicating that the action has occurred only once
        ―  kàn kàn  ―  to have a look
    2. Indicating the intention to try
        ―  suàn suàn  ―  to try to calculate it
  2. once; as soon as; upon
    OP  ―  dào OP jiù kǎ  ―  it slows down once I get to the opening
    開口飛快跑開 [MSC, trad.]
    开口飞快跑开 [MSC, simp.]
    From: 伍佰, 火山
    kāikǒu, tā jiù fēikuài de pǎokāi le. [Pinyin]
    As soon as I opened my mouth, she ran away at the speed of light.
  3. (literary) for the first time, at the beginning
    見如故 / 见如故  ―  jiàn rúgù  ―  to hit it off
  4. (literary) surprisingly, unexpectedly
    至於此 / 至于此  ―  zhì yúcǐ  ―  How did things ever get so far?

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “Jukuu”, Jukuu[1] (in Mandarin/English), retrieved 2014-03-21
  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #2”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[2]

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. one
  2. "one" radical (いち)

Alternative formsEdit

  • (financial or formal)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Sinitic , from Old Chinese *?yit.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

  1. one, 1
  2. the beginning
  3. unity

NumeralEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal :

‎(hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

  1. (cardinal) one, 1
IdiomsEdit
  • からやり直す
    いちからやりなおす
    ichi kara yarinaosu
    start over from scratch
  • からまで
    いちからじゅうまで
    ichi karamade
    (literally. from one to ten)
    all, without exception; from A to Z
  • 一か八か
    いちかばちか
    ichi ka bachi ka
    it's a gamble; sink or swim
  • 一もにも無く
    いちもにもなく
    ichi mo ni mo naku
    unhesitatingly

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Japanese.

/hito2/: [pitə] > [ɸitə] > [ɸito] > [çito]

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

‎(hiragana ひと, romaji hito)

  1. (cardinal) one

Etymology 3Edit

From 始め ‎(hajime, beginning, first), stem noun form of verb 始める ‎(hajimeru, to begin something). The use of the kanji for the reading hajime is an example of 熟字訓 ‎(jukujikun).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana はじめ, romaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(il)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: han, McCune-Reischauer: han, Yale: han)
  1. one

NumeralEdit

‎(il) ‎(hangeul )

  1. (cardinal) one

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhất, nhắt, nhật, nhứt, chí, chiêu, chinh)

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ReferencesEdit

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