See also: Test, TEST, tèst, těst, tęst, țest, and tesť

English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English test, teste, from Old French test, teste (an earthen vessel, especially a pot in which metals were tried), from Latin testum (the lid of an earthen vessel, an earthen vessel, an earthen pot), from *terstus, past participle of the root *tersa (dry land). See terra, thirst. The examination sense came via metaphor of the metallurgical sense - the way a metallurgist puts to the test his gold, a teacher may put to the test her students' knowledge.

Noun edit

test (plural tests)

  1. A challenge, trial.
    • 2012 March-April, Colin Allen, “Do I See What You See?”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, archived from the original on 26 April 2012, page 168:
      Numerous experimental tests and other observations have been offered in favor of animal mind reading, and although many scientists are skeptical, others assert that humans are not the only species capable of representing what others do and don’t perceive and know.
  2. A cupel or cupelling hearth in which precious metals are melted for trial and refinement.
  3. (academia) An examination, given often during the academic term.
  4. A session in which a product, piece of equipment, or system is examined under everyday or extreme conditions to evaluate its durability, etc.
  5. (cricket, normally "Test") A Test match.
  6. (marine biology) The external calciferous shell, or endoskeleton, of an echinoderm, e.g. sand dollars and sea urchins.
     
    Two sea urchin tests
  7. (botany) Testa; seed coat.
  8. (obsolete) Judgment; distinction; discrimination.
Synonyms edit
Antonyms edit
  • (antonym(s) of academics: examination): recess
Hyponyms edit
The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. For synonyms and antonyms you may use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}}.
Hyponyms of test
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Azerbaijani: test
  • Catalan: test
  • Czech: test
  • Danish: test
  • Dutch: test
  • Finnish: testi
  • French: test
  • German: Test
  • Hungarian: teszt
  • Italian: test
  • Japanese: テスト (tesuto)
  • Korean: 테스트 (teseuteu)
  • Macedonian: тест (test)
  • Norwegian: test
  • Persian: تست (test)
  • Polish: test
  • Portuguese: teste
  • Romanian: test
  • Russian: тест (test)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Cyrillic script: тест
    Latin script: test
  • Slovene: test
  • Spanish: test
  • Swedish: test
  • Turkish: test
  • Ukrainian: тест (test)
Translations edit

Verb edit

test (third-person singular simple present tests, present participle testing, simple past and past participle tested)

  1. To challenge, to put a strain on (something).
    Climbing the mountain tested our stamina.
  2. To refine (gold, silver, etc.) in a test or cupel; to subject to cupellation.
  3. To put to the proof; to prove the truth, genuineness, or quality of by experiment, or by some principle or standard; to try.
    to test the soundness of a principle
    to test the validity of an argument
  4. (academics) To administer or assign an examination, often given during the academic term, to (somebody).
  5. To place a product or piece of equipment under everyday and/or extreme conditions and examine it for its durability, etc.
    • 2013 May-June, Charles T. Ambrose, “Alzheimer’s Disease”, in American Scientist[3], volume 101, number 3, archived from the original on 24 April 2013, page 200:
      Similar studies of rats have employed four different intracranial resorbable, slow sustained release systems– []. Such a slow-release device containing angiogenic factors could be placed on the pia mater covering the cerebral cortex and tested in persons with senile dementia in long term studies.
  6. (copulative) To be shown to be by test.
    He tested positive for cancer.
    • 2015, Leta Stetter Hollingworth, Harry Levi Hollingworth, Children Above 180 IQ Stanford-Binet: Origin and Development:
      It is probable that children who test above 180 IQ are actually present in our juvenile population in greater frequency than at the rate of one in a million.
  7. (chemistry) To examine or try, as by the use of some reagent.
    to test a solution by litmus paper
  8. (intransitive, transitive, slang) To challenge (someone) to a fight.
    • 2018, U-God [Lamont Hawkins], Raw: My Journey Into the Wu-Tang, New York, N.Y.: Picador, →ISBN, page 31:
      Back then, you couldn't rock any type of jewelry just like that, because someone was going to test you or rob you. If you were wearing a chain, you had to be someone who was known for shooting or cutting or knocking dudes the fuck out. And someone who didn’t know you may still try and test, so you couldn't really rely on your rep to save you every time.
    • 2023 November 6, “Guapi” (1:44 from the start)‎[4]performed by YoungBoy Never Broke Again:
      I'm feelin' special, I might fly her out to LA, yeah / I got my weapon, it turn violent if you test me, yeah
Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English teste, from Old French teste, test and Latin testis (one who attests, a witness).

Noun edit

test (plural tests)

  1. (obsolete) A witness.

Verb edit

test (third-person singular simple present tests, present participle testing, simple past and past participle tested)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To attest (a document) legally, and date it.
  2. (obsolete, intransitive) To make a testament, or will.
Related terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Clipping of testosterone.

Noun edit

test (uncountable)

  1. (informal, slang, body building) testosterone

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Breton edit

Noun edit

test

  1. witness

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin testum (earthenware pot), from testa (piece of burnt clay). Cognate with Spanish tiesto.

Noun edit

test m (plural testos)

  1. flowerpot
  2. potsherd
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English test.

Noun edit

test m (plural tests)

  1. test (exam or challenge)
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English test.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈtɛst]
  • Hyphenation: test

Noun edit

test m inan

  1. test
    provést testto perform a test

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • test in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • test in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • test in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English test.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

test c (singular definite testen, plural indefinite tests)

  1. A test, assessment or examination.

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from English test.

Noun edit

test m (plural testen or tests, diminutive testje n)

  1. test
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Indonesian: tes

Verb edit

test

  1. inflection of testen:
    1. first/second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Dutch test, from Old French test, from Latin testum, from testa.

Noun edit

test m (plural testen or tests, diminutive testje n)

  1. A test, an earthen bowl or pot.
  2. A test, a cupel (used in smelting).
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old French test, from Latin testum. The orthography of this form reflects semi-learned influence; compare the doublet têt.

Noun edit

test m (plural tests)

  1. test, a cupel or cupelling hearth in which precious metals are melted for trial and refinement
  2. (marine biology) test, the external calciferous shell, or endoskeleton, of an echinoderm

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English test, itself from the same Old French test as above.

Noun edit

test m (plural tests)

  1. a test, a tryout, a review
Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

Of unknown origin.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

test (plural testek)

  1. (anatomy) body
  2. (geometry) solid (three-dimensional figure)
  3. (algebra) field (commutative ring)
 
Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative test testek
accusative testet testeket
dative testnek testeknek
instrumental testtel testekkel
causal-final testért testekért
translative testté testekké
terminative testig testekig
essive-formal testként testekként
essive-modal
inessive testben testekben
superessive testen testeken
adessive testnél testeknél
illative testbe testekbe
sublative testre testekre
allative testhez testekhez
elative testből testekből
delative testről testekről
ablative testtől testektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
testé testeké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
testéi testekéi
Possessive forms of test
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. testem testeim
2nd person sing. tested testeid
3rd person sing. teste testei
1st person plural testünk testeink
2nd person plural testetek testeitek
3rd person plural testük testeik

Derived terms edit

Compound words
Expressions

References edit

  1. ^ test in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading edit

  • test in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English test.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

test m (invariable)

  1. test

Ladin edit

Noun edit

test m (plural [please provide])

  1. text

Latvian edit

Verb edit

test (?? missing information, ?? conjugation, present ??, past ??)

  1. to beat
  2. to knock about
  3. to flog

Maltese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English test, ultimately from Latin testum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

test m (plural testijiet)

  1. test (examination)
    Għamluli test tad-droga.
    They did a drug test on me.

Related terms edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English test.

Noun edit

test m (definite singular testen, indefinite plural tester, definite plural testene)

  1. a test
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

test

  1. imperative of teste

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From English test.

Noun edit

test m (definite singular testen, indefinite plural testar, definite plural testane)

  1. a test

Derived terms edit

References edit

Old French edit

Etymology edit

From Latin testum.

Noun edit

test oblique singularm (oblique plural tez or tetz, nominative singular tez or tetz, nominative plural test)

  1. (uncountable) clay
  2. (countable) a pot, usually made out of clay

Descendants edit

  • French: têt, test
  • Middle English: test
    • English: test (see there for further descendants)
    • Scots: test
  • Middle High German: test

References edit

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (test)

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English test, from Middle English test, teste, from Old French test, teste, from Latin testum, from *terstus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

test m inan

  1. (education) examination, exam, test (formal test)
    Synonyms: egzamin, sprawdzian

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • test in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • test in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French test.

Noun edit

test n (plural teste)

  1. test

Declension edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tȅst m (Cyrillic spelling те̏ст)

  1. test (challenge, trial)
  2. test (academics)
  3. test (product examination)

Declension edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English test.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtest/ [ˈt̪est̪]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -est
  • Syllabification: test

Noun edit

test m (plural test)

  1. test
    Synonym: prueba
  2. multiple-choice test, multiple-choice question
    Synonyms: (Spain) examen tipo test, examen de opción múltiple

Usage notes edit

  • The plural form tests is nonstandard.

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from English test.

Noun edit

test c or n

  1. a test, an examination, a trial
  2. a test, an attempt, an experiment
Declension edit
Declension of test 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative test testet test testen
Genitive tests testets tests testens
Declension of test 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative test testen tester testerna
Genitive tests testens testers testernas
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

test c

  1. a tuft or lock of hair
Declension edit
Declension of test 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative test testen testar testarna
Genitive tests testens testars testarnas
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From English test.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtest/
  • Hyphenation: test

Noun edit

test (definite accusative testi, plural testler)

  1. test
  2. An exam consisting of multiple-choice questions with 3, 4 or 5 choices, labeled a through e.

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative test
Definite accusative testi
Singular Plural
Nominative test testler
Definite accusative testi testleri
Dative teste testlere
Locative testte testlerde
Ablative testten testlerden
Genitive testin testlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular testim testlerim
2nd singular testin testlerin
3rd singular testi testleri
1st plural testimiz testlerimiz
2nd plural testiniz testleriniz
3rd plural testleri testleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular testimi testlerimi
2nd singular testini testlerini
3rd singular testini testlerini
1st plural testimizi testlerimizi
2nd plural testinizi testlerinizi
3rd plural testlerini testlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular testime testlerime
2nd singular testine testlerine
3rd singular testine testlerine
1st plural testimize testlerimize
2nd plural testinize testlerinize
3rd plural testlerine testlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular testimde testlerimde
2nd singular testinde testlerinde
3rd singular testinde testlerinde
1st plural testimizde testlerimizde
2nd plural testinizde testlerinizde
3rd plural testlerinde testlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular testimden testlerimden
2nd singular testinden testlerinden
3rd singular testinden testlerinden
1st plural testimizden testlerimizden
2nd plural testinizden testlerinizden
3rd plural testlerinden testlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular testimin testlerimin
2nd singular testinin testlerinin
3rd singular testinin testlerinin
1st plural testimizin testlerimizin
2nd plural testinizin testlerinizin
3rd plural testlerinin testlerinin

Derived terms edit