Last modified on 20 December 2014, at 12:57

Character  — 
Unicode name EM DASH
Unicode block General Punctuation
Codepoint U+2014
See also: , , -, , and


Punctuation markEdit

  1. Indicate that a sentence is unfinished because the speaker has been interrupted.
  2. Demarcates parenthetical thought
  3. Indicates aposiopesis
  4. Indicates a lack of data in a table[1]

Usage notesEdit

In English, this symbol is called em dash.

Derived termsEdit

  • (small form variant)
  • (vertical variant)
  • (two-em dash)
  • (three-em dash)

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ Joan G. Nagle, Handbook for preparing engineering documents: from concept to completion, 1995, p. 114:
    We can use the word none or N/D (no data), or insert an em dash; any of these entries show that we haven't simply forgotten to fill the cell. N/A is commonly used for not applicable. It's good practice to footnote N/A or N/D the first time it is used.


Russian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ru



  1. Indicates zero (omission) of the present tense of быть (byt’). Called тире (tirɛ́) in Russian.
    Времяденьги (vrémja—dénʹgi).
    Time is money.

Usage notesEdit

  • "—" is not used when the subject is a pronoun; e.g., я русскийI am Russian.