See also: 萬歲 and 万岁

JapaneseEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ばん
Grade: 2
せい > ぜい
Grade: S
kan’on
Alternative spelling
萬歲 (kyūjitai)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “see Wiktionary:Requests for cleanup#万歳”)

From Middle Chinese 萬歲 (MC mʉɐnH siuᴇiH). The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ばん)(ぜい) (banzei (kyūjitai 萬歲)

  1. an extremely long period of time
  2. long life and glory
  3. death

InterjectionEdit

(ばん)(ぜい) (banzei

  1. an expression of celebration

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ばん
Grade: 2
さい > ざい
Grade: S
kan’on goon
Alternative spelling
萬歲 (kyūjitai)

Shift in reading, keeping the older goon reading for the second character and adopting the relatively newer kan'on reading for the first character.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ばん)(ざい) (banzai (kyūjitai 萬歲)

  1. an extremely long period of time
    • 1936, “第五章 母音と父音 [Chapter 5: Vowels and Consonants]”, in 誰にも分かる獨習英語の學び方 [Self-Taught English for Everyone], 英語研究会, page 30:
      (だい)(にっ)(ぽん)(てい)(こく)(ばん)(ざい)
      Dai Nippon Teikoku banzai!
      Long live the Japanese Empire!
  2. (raising one's hands three times in cheer) raising ones hands
  3. (raising one's hands in defeat) business troubles, bankruptcy

InterjectionEdit

(ばん)(ざい) (banzai

  1. an expression of celebration
SynonymsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: banzai
  • Indonesian: banzai

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
まん
Grade: 2
さい > ざい
Grade: S
goon
Alternative spelling
萬歲 (kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese 萬歲 (MC mʉɐnH siuᴇiH). The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(まん)(ざい) (manzai (kyūjitai 萬歲)

  1. an extremely long period of time
  2. (historical) alternative form of 萬歳 (Edo manzai (a traditional New Year performance))
  3. a song and dance to celebrate a new year
  4. a song sung to celebrate a new year

InterjectionEdit

(まん)(ざい) (manzai

  1. an expression of celebration

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN