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U+4E07, 万
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E07

[U+4E06]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E08]
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Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 1, +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一尸 (MS), four-corner 10227, composition𠃌)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 76, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10
  • Dae Jaweon: page 137, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 9, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E07

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions
   

Unknown. Used as a tribal name in oracle inscriptions. Used as a number since the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods.

Various theories have been proposed for its original meaning:

  • Qu Wanli, Qiu Xigui and others propose that it originally refers to a type of dancer-musicians. This usage is attested in the oracle inscriptions. This may be supported by ancient literature, e.g. Shijing, which mentions a type of dance called 萬舞万舞.
  • Lin Yiguang proposes that it is an ancient form of (OC *meːnʔ), acting as a phonetic component in (OC *mpin).
  • Some propose that it is a differentiated form of .

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“scorpion; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Usage notesEdit

Also used in a trisyllabic surname.

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mək̚/
Li
Rong
/mək̚/
Wang
Li
/mək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12614
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 万俟 (Mòqí).

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. myriad, ten thousand
  2. very many

ReadingsEdit

As a simplification and variant of :

As part of the surname 万俟:

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
まん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC mʉɐnH, mək̚).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana まん, rōmaji man)

  1. ten thousand, 10,000, myriad
    • 1999 October 17, “まんねんしろカメ [30,000-Year White Turtle]”, in BOOSTER 5, in Japanese), Konami, in Japanese), :
       (まん) (ねん) ()きつづけている (きょ) (だい)カメ。 (しゅ) () (りょく) (たか)い。
      Sanman-nen mo ikitsuzukete iru kyodai kame. Shubiryoku ga takai.
      A giant turtle that has lived for over 30,000 years. It has high defense strength.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ばん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC mʉɐnH, mək̚).

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ばん, rōmaji ban)

  1. (followed by a negative) even if, never
  2. (followed by a negative) no matter what

PrefixEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ばん, rōmaji ban-)

  1. many
  2. all

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
よろず
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

⟨yo2ro2du⟩/yorodu//yorod͡zu//yorozu/

From Old Japanese.[4] Found in the oldest sources, such as the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE).[5]

Appears to be a compound or inflection, but the derivation is unclear.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana よろず, rōmaji yorozu, historical hiragana よろづ)

  1. ten thousand
  2. a large number
  3. all, everything

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  5. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4408), text here