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JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ふる
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

⟨puruki1 → */purukʲi//ɸurugʲi//ɸuruɣi//ɸuruji//furui/

Shift from furuki, the 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) of classical adjective 古し (furushi).

An intervocalic sound-change caused the medial plosive /-k-/ to undergo voicing, then spirantization, then gliding, then being dropped, before /-i, -u, -e, -o/ [1]

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

古い (-i inflection, hiragana ふるい, rōmaji furui)

  1. (not of a person) old, aged, antiqued
     (わたし)以前 (いぜん) (ふる)ロールスロイスを ()っていた。
    Watashi wa izen furui Rōrusu-Roisu o motte ita.
    I used to own an old Rolls-Royce.
     (わたし) (ふる)ランプを ()った。
    Watashi wa furui ranpu o katta.
    I bought an old lamp.

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hamano, S. Journal of East Asian Linguistics (2000) 9: 207. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008367619295
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Hirayama, Tetsuo (1960) 全国アクセント辞典 (Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: 東京堂,.