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Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
おんな
Grade: 1
かた > がた
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Compound of (onna, woman) +‎ (kata, form).[1][2] The kata changes to gata as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

女形(おんながた) (onnagata (historical kana をんながた)

  1. male actor who plays female roles in kabuki theater: onnagata

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 2
Irregular

Appears from the early Edo period, around the mid to late 1600s, originally in reference to doll figurines of courtesans made by Oyama Jirōsaburō (小山次郎三郎).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

女形(おやま) (oyama (historical kana をやま)

  1. male actor who plays female roles in kabuki theater: onnagata
  2. in puppetry, a female puppet
  3. (slang, possibly archaic, chiefly Kansai) a high-end prostitute

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN