See also: 極樂 and 极乐

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ごく
Grade: 4
らく
Grade: 2
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
極樂 (kyūjitai)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 極樂 (MC ɡɨk̚ lɑk̚), itself a translation of Sanskrit सुखावती (sukhāvatī),[1][2] the feminine form of सुखवत् (sukhavat, literally full of joy).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ごく)(らく) (gokuraku (kyūjitai 極樂)

  1. (Buddhism) Short for 極楽浄土 (Gokuraku Jōdo): pure land (western paradise of Amitabha Buddha)
  2. (by extension) heaven, paradise
    Synonym: 天国 (tengoku)
    Antonym: 地獄 (jigoku)
  3. a pleasure quarters, red-light district

Derived termsEdit

IdiomsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(ごく)(らく) (Gokuraku (kyūjitai 極樂)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN