See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡɯɡ): semantic  ‎(tree, wood) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʰɯɡs, *kɯɡ) - originally meaning a crossbeam rafter.

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木一水一 (DMEM) or 木弓水一 (DNEM), four-corner 41914, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 542, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15181
  • Dae Jaweon: page 929, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1240, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6975

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑiɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /d͡ʑiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiəʔ²/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰie¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /kʰit̚⁵/
Taoyuan /kʰit̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kek̚²/
Nanning /kek̚²²/
Hong Kong /kik̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kek̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (30)
Final: (134)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jí
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɡɨk̚/ /ɡɨk̚/ /ɡiek̚/ /gik̚/ /ɡiək̚/ /ɡĭək̚/ /gi̯ək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ gik › /*[ɡ](r)ək/ extreme

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5738 0 /*ɡɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. extremely; exceedingly
  2. (geography, physics) pole
  3. extreme; of the highest degree; utmost; furthest; final
    • 極品极品 (jípǐn, “item of the highest quality”)
    • 極限极限 (jíxiàn, “limit, the utmost limits”)
  4. reach the limit; do one's utmost
  5. The number 10 to the power of 48 (1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NumberEdit

(ごく, goku)

  1. A number of 1048 in modern Japanese since 17th century.

AdverbEdit

‎(hiragana ごく, romaji goku)

  1. very, extremely

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(geuk) (hangeul , revised geuk, McCune-Reischauer kŭk, Yale kuk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cực, cọc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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