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JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
たく
Grade: S
さん
Grade: 1
kan’on

Etymology 1Edit

First appears in The Tale of the Heike (c. late 12th century).

Origin unknown,[1] kanji spelling appears to be phonetic ateji (当て字)

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

沢山 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 澤山, hiragana たくさん, rōmaji takusan)

  1. many, numerous
Usage notesEdit
  • In classical Japanese, used with なる (naru) to modify nouns:
    沢山 (たくさん)なる人々 (ひとびと)takusan naru hitobitomany people
  • In modern Japanese, used with the particle (no) to modify nouns:
    沢山 (たくさん)人々 (ひとびと)takusan no hitobitomany people
Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

沢山 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 澤山, hiragana たくさん, rōmaji takusan)

  1. much, a great deal, liberally, a lot
Usage notesEdit
  • Unlike many other adjectival nouns that have adverbial senses, 沢山 as an adverb omits the particle (ni) when used before a verb. Compare:
      Correct:
    ケーキを (しず) ()べました。Kēki o shizuka ni tabemashita.We ate cake quietly.
      Incorrect:
    ケーキを (しず) ()べました。Kēki o shizuka tabemashita.We quiet ate cake.
      Incorrect:
    ケーキを沢山 (たくさん) ()べました。Kēki o takusan ni tabemashita.We ate cake manily.
      Correct:
    ケーキを沢山 (たくさん) ()べました。Kēki o takusan tabemashita.We ate a lot of cake.

NounEdit

沢山 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 澤山, hiragana たくさん, rōmaji takusan)

  1. much, a lot

SynonymsEdit

SuffixEdit

沢山 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 澤山, hiragana たくさん, rōmaji -takusan)

  1. more than enough
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
さわ
Grade: S
やま
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

First appeared in the Edo period.

Kun-reading of takusan above.[2]

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

沢山 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 澤山, -nari inflection, hiragana さわやま, rōmaji sawayama, historical hiragana さはやま)

  1. (joseigo, archaic) many, numerous

NounEdit

沢山 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 澤山, hiragana さわやま, rōmaji sawayama, historical hiragana さはやま)

  1. (joseigo, archaic) much, a lot
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

沢山 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 澤山, hiragana さわやま, rōmaji Sawayama, historical hiragana さはやま)

  1. a placename
  2. a surname

AnagramsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN