Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C71
Code point U+5C71
Entity number 山
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C70] [U+5C72]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Stroke order
(cursive)

Han characterEdit

(radical 46 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 山 (U), four-corner 22770)

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 307, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7869
  • Dae Jaweon: page 604, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 759, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C71

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogram (指事) – three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare (qiū), particularly earlier forms.

EtymologyEdit

Unknown – no known cognates outside Sino-Bai. Cognate with Central Bai svrt ‎(mountain) (< Proto-Bai *sro⁴). Starostin compares it with Kayan sʰôn ‎(mountain).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /san²¹/
Jinan /ʂã²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂan²⁴/
Xi'an /sã²¹/
Xining /sã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /san⁴⁴/
Wuhan /san⁵⁵/
Chengdu /san⁵⁵/
Guiyang /san⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʂæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /sa³³/
Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
Tunxi /sɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /san³³/
Xiangtan /san³³/
Gan Nanchang /san⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /san⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sɑm²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /san⁵³/
Nanning /san⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /san⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /san⁵⁵/
/suã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /saŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /suiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
/tua²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠɛn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚæn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂəɨn/
Li
Rong
/ʃɛn/
Wang
Li
/ʃæn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂăn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shān
Middle
Chinese
‹ srɛn ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-ŋrar/
English mountain, hill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11052
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sreːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. mountain, hill   (Classifier: m)
      ―  dēngshān  ―  to climb a mountain
  2. hill-shaped object
      ―  bīngshān  ―  iceberg
  3. bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons
  4. gable
  5. A surname​. Shan

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “would benefit from having multiple etymology senses covering the native Japanese word and Sino-Japanese word written with the same character. See how does it.”

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
やま
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana やま, romaji yama)

  1. mountain

QuotationsEdit

This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(san)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: san, McCune-Reischauer: san, Yale: san)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: me, McCune-Reischauer: me, Yale: mey)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(san, sơn)

  1. mountain
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