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U+5C71, 山
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C71

[U+5C70]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C72]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
(cursive)
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 46, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 山 (U), four-corner 22770)

  1. Kangxi radical #46, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 307, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7869
  • Dae Jaweon: page 604, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 759, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C71

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːn
*sreːn, *sraːns
*sreːn
*sreːnʔ, *sraːns
*sraːn, *sraːns
*sen
*sen
*sen
*srin

Pictogram (象形) – three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare (qiū), particularly earlier forms.

EtymologyEdit

Unknown – no known cognates outside Sino-Bai. Cognate with Central Bai svrt (mountain) (< Proto-Bai *sro⁴). Starostin compares it with Kayan sʰôn (mountain).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • san - literary;
  • soaⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂan⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂan⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /san²¹/
    Jinan /ʂã²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʂã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʂan²⁴/
    Xi'an /sã²¹/
    Xining /sã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂan⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /san⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /san⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /san⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /san⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʂã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʂaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /ʂæ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
    Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /sa³³/
    Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /sɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /san³³/
    Xiangtan /san³³/
    Gan Nanchang /san⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /san⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sɑm²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /san⁵³/
    Nanning /san⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /san⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /san⁵⁵/
    /suã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /saŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /suiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /suã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
    /tua²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (73)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠɛn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚæn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂəɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃæn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂăn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ srɛn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-ŋrar/
    English mountain, hill

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11052
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sreːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. mountain; hill (Classifier: m c)
        ―  dēngshān  ―  to climb a mountain
    2. hill-shaped object
        ―  bīngshān  ―  iceberg
    3. bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons
    4. gable
    5. A surname​. Shan

    See alsoEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

      This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
    Particularly: “would benefit from having multiple etymology senses covering the native Japanese word and Sino-Japanese word written with the same character. See how does it.”

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    やま
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
      This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana やま, rōmaji yama)

    1. a mountain (large mass of earth and rock)

    QuotationsEdit

      This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (me san))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (san, sơn)

    1. mountain