TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
山-order.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
山-cursive-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
山-oracle.svg 山-bronze.svg 山-silk.svg 山-bigseal.svg 山-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) – three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare , particularly earlier forms.

Han characterEdit

(radical 46 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 山 (U), four-corner 22770)

Coordinate termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 307, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7869
  • Dae Jaweon: page 604, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 759, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C71

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事) – three mountain peaks. In the Oracle Bone Script, they were represented by triangles rather than vertical strokes. Compare , particularly earlier forms.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (山), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 山
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所閒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣɛn/ /ʂăn/ /ʃɛn/ /ʃɯæn/ /ʂəɨn/ /ʃæn/ /ʃæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shān ‹ srɛn › /*s-ŋrar/ mountain, hill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11052 2 /*sreːn/

NounEdit

(classifier )

  1. mountain, hill
  2. bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons
  3. gable

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Shan

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “山”, MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), retrieved 2014-02-26

JapaneseEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “would benefit from having multiple etymology senses covering the native Japanese word and Sino-Japanese word written with the same character. See how does it.”

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
やま
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana やま, romaji yama)

  1. mountain

QuotationsEdit

Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(san)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: san, McCune-Reischauer: san, Yale: san)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: me, McCune-Reischauer: me, Yale: mey)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(san, sơn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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